Long, Rucker, and Aiken family photographs and lithographs
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Long, Rucker, and Aiken family photographs and lithographs

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Aiken family
Creator: Askew, Thomas E.
Creator: Currier & Ives.
Creator: Green, Reese
Creator: Henderson, Lucius S.
Creator: Hyman, L.G.
Creator: Kuhns Photographic Studio (Atlanta, Ga.).
Creator: Little Studio (Atlanta, Ga.).
Creator: Lively Studio (Atlanta, Ga.).
Creator: Lomax, Alpha
Creator: Long family
Creator: Poole, Paul
Creator: Princess Studio (Atlanta, Ga.).
Creator: Rucker family
Creator: Scurlock, Addison N.
Creator: Tidwell & Lively (Atlanta, Ga.).
Title: Long, Rucker, and Aiken family photographs and lithographs
Dates: 1859-1979, undated
Quantity: 2386.0 Image(s) (2375 photographs; 11 lithographs)
Identification: ahc.VIS32

Biographical/Historical Note

Jefferson Franklin Long (1836-1900), born in Alabama, became a successful merchant and tailor in Macon, Georgia. He married Lucinda Carhart and had several children; Mary Long (b. 1861); Annie Eunice (b. 1865); Jefferson Long (b. 1868); Lucy Long (b. 1870); Edward Long (b. 1871); and Charles Long (b. 1875). In 1871, Jefferson Long became the only African American elected to represent Georgia in the United States Congress during Reconstruction. He is buried in Macon, Georgia.

Annie Eunice Long (1865-1933), attended Scotia Seminary in Concord, North Carolina and married Henry Allan Rucker (1852-1924). Rucker was born to Edward Rucker and Betsey Golden in Washington, Georgia. He had been enslaved since birth by the King family of Athens, Georgia, who were in-laws of Atlanta journalist Henry Grady. Following the Civil War, Rucker opened a barber shop on Decatur Street in Atlanta; attended Atlanta University; served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois, (1880); worked as a clerk in the internal revenue collector's office in Atlanta (1880-1885, 1889-1893); and was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for the District of Georgia (1896-1910), the only African American to receive this appointment. Rucker was active in the Niagara Movement and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Rucker and Annie Eunice Long had eight children: Henry, Jr. (b. 1892), Elizabeth (Bessie, b. 1891); Lucy Lorene (b. 1894); Jefferson (b. 1897); India Neddie (b. 1898); Hazel (b. 1900); Alice (b. 1902); and Ann L. (b. 1908). The family lived on Piedmont Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia. The family is buried in Oakland Cemetery.

Lucy Rucker (1894-1992) married Walter Henry "Chief" Aiken in 1920. Walter Aiken (1893-1965) was born in Dover, Delaware, attended Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia, and served as football coach at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, Atlanta University (Lucy Rucker's alma mater), and Clark College in Atlanta, Georgia. Aiken was an architect and engineer and his many Atlanta projects include West Lake Court Apartments, the women's dormitory at Morris Brown College, homes in the Hunter Street- Washington Park subdivision, Simpson Road subdivision, and the Waluhaje Hotel and Apartments.

Bessie Rucker (1890-1931) attended Fisk University and married John Wesley Davis (b. 1888), later president of West Virginia State College. They had two daughters, Constance and Dorothy Long, known as "Dit" and "Dot."

Ann L. Rucker (1907-1977) attended Atlanta University and Hampton Institute and served as librarian at Fisk University and the Carnegie Library in Atlanta, Georgia. She married Charles W. Anderson, Jr., of Louisville, Kentucky.


Scope and Content Note

The collection documents the political, civic, educational, professional, family, and social life of members of the Long, Rucker, and Aiken families from 1859 through the 1970s. The images document three generations of the Long, Rucker, and Aiken families and visually chronicles their rise from slavery to social and political influence. It also provides visual documentation of African American life from Reconstruction to the late 20th century.


Arrangement

This collection is divided into four series: 1. Family photographs and lithographs; 2. Walter Aiken photographs; 3. Friends and associates; and 4. African American photographers and hereunder alphabetically according to titles supplied by staff.


Index Terms

African American businesspeople--Georgia--Atlanta
African American children--Georgia--Atlanta
African American families--Georgia--Atlanta
African American men--Georgia--Atlanta
African American neighborhoods--Georgia--Atlanta
African American photographers
African American politicians--Georgia--Atlanta
African American soldiers
African American universities and colleges
African American women--Georgia--Atlanta
African American--Housing
African Americans--1900-1910
African Americans--1910-1920
African Americans--1920-1930
African Americans--1930-1940
African Americans--1940-1950
African Americans--1950-1960
African Americans--Clothing--Georgia
Aiken family
Aiken, Lucy Rucker
Aiken, Walter Henry, 1893-1965
Alexander, Wellington, Jr., Rev.
Amos, Moses, Dr.
Anderson, Ann Rucker
Anderson, Charles W., Jr.
Bedou, A. P.
Butler Street YMCA (Atlanta, Ga.).
Butler, Henry Rutherford, Dr.
Butler, Selena Sloan
Columbians (Atlanta, Ga.).
Crogman, William H., Dr.
Davis, Bessie Rucker
Davis, Griffith
Davis, John Wesley
Dixie Hills (Atlanta, Ga.)
Fair Street (Atlanta, Ga.)
Fairview (Atlanta, Ga.)
Faulkner, William, Rev.
First Street (Atlanta, Ga.)
Gaines, Mary
Gaines, Wesley John, Rev.
Gate City Drug Store.
Hampton Institute.
Harper, Charles L., Dr.
Harper, Katryn
Harper, Laurence, Jr.
Harper, Laurence, Sr.
Harper, Neddie Rucker
Hatcher, Thurston
Joint Civilian Organization Conference (Fort Benning, Ga.).
Lawton Street (Atlanta, Ga.)
Long family
Long, Jefferson Franklin, 1836-1901
Long, Lucinda Carhart
Matthews, William B.
Mollison, Irving C., Judge
Moral Re-armament Assembly (Georgia : 1957-1958).
Morehouse College (Atlanta, Ga.).
National Association of Real Estate Brokers.
National Builders Association.
National Housewives League.
National Negro Business League (U.S.)
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity.
Partee, Fannie H.
Pitts, India
Rosser Street (Atlanta, Ga.)
Rucker family
Rucker, Annie Eunice Long, 1865-1933
Rucker, Hazel
Rucker, Henry Allen, 1852-1924
Rucker, Henry, Jr.
Rucker, Nancy Ann
Simpson Road (Atlanta, Ga.)
Tuskegee Institute
United States. Army. 371st Infantry.
Waluhaje Hotel & Apartments (Atlanta, Ga.).
Washington Park (Atlanta, Ga.)
Welch, Constance Davis
West Lake Court Apartments (Atlanta, Ga.).
Whitaker Circle (Atlanta, Ga.)
White supremacy movements--Georgia
White, George H.
White, Madeline
White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955
Williams, Asbury S.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Long, Rucker, and Aiken families photographs and lithographs, VIS 32, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1980

Description Control

This collection was processed in 2014.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

This material is protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.


Related Material

Long, Rucker, and Aiken family papers, MSS 468, James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center


Container List

 

Series I: Family photographs and lithographs, approximately 1859-1979

516.0 Image(s)
Series I comprises approximately one half of the collection and contains images of the immediate family members and descendants of Jefferson and Lucinda Long and Henry and Annie Rucker. The majority of photographs is primarily of the Rucker family and includes images of Ann Rucker Anderson; Annie Eunice Long Rucker; Bessie Rucker Davis and her daughters; Hazel and Henry Rucker; Neddie, Nancy Ann, and Lucy Rucker Aiken. There are personal snapshots and professional portraits of family members with friends and classmates in outdoor settings, at home, and in social gatherings. Also included are images of Jefferson and Lucinda Long.

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VIS 32.01VIS 32.01Ann Rucker Anderson and Charles W. Anderson. Jr., approximately 1920-1958, undated, 78.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.02VIS 32.02Annie Eunice Long Rucker, approximately 1880-1932, undated, 33.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.03VIS 32.03Bessie Rucker Davis and John Wesley Davis, approximately 1900-1948, undated, 43.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.04VIS 32.04Constance "Dit" Davis Welch and Dorothy "Dot" Long Davis, 1938-1961, undated, 69.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.05VIS 32.05Hazel Rucker, approximately 1920-1979, undated, 38.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.06VIS 32.06Henry A. Rucker, Jr., approximately 1920-1935, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.07VIS 32.07Henry A. Rucker, Sr., 1870-1890, undated, 14.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.08VIS 32.08Jefferson and Lucinda Carhart Long, 1859-1880, undated, 8.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.09VIS OS box 68Lithographs, "The First Colored Senator and Representatives," by Currier & Ives, 1872, 11.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.10VIS 32.10Lucy Rucker Aiken, 1905-1961, undated, 42.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.11VIS 32.11Nancy Ann Rucker, 1935, undated, 33.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.12VIS 32.12Neddie Rucker Harper, Laurence Harper, Sr., Laurence Harper, Jr., and Katryn Harper, 1937-1979, undated, 47.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.13VIS 32.13Rucker family group photographs, approximately 1930-1961, undated, 57.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.14VIS OS box 71Rucker family portraits, undated , 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.15VIS OS box 68Rucker sisters, undated , 1.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.16VIS 32.16Rucker sisters and group photographs, approximately 1905-1979, undated, 47.0 Image(s)
 

Series II: Walter Aiken photographs, aproximately 1914-1970, undated

1117.0 Image(s)
Series II contains images pertaining to the life of Walter Aiken. This series contains images documenting Aiken's career as a football and basketball coach at Atlanta University and Fisk University. Included in the series is a 1923 Atlanta University Scrapbook. Images in the series also document Aiken Incorporated building and construction projects in the West End and Dixie Hills neighborhoods of Atlanta and elsewhere in the United States. Images include housing on Lawton Street, First Street, Rosser Street, Fair Street, and Simpson Road in Atlanta, Georgia. The series contains images of Aiken's civic and social interests such as the Negro Federal Housing Administration, the National Association of Real Estate Brokers, and the Walter Aiken Singers. The series documents his club activities at the Twenty-Seven Club and the Hungry Club Forum at the Butler Street YMCA and other social events with his wife, Lucy Rucker Aiken. The series also contains a scrapbook of images of Aiken during his service with the 371st Infantry in World War I.

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VIS 32.17VIS 32.17371st Infantry WWI, approximately 1914-1918, undated, 58.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.18VIS 32.18Aiken Inc., Auburn Avenue area, 1961, undated, 29.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.19VIS 32.19Aiken Inc., Atlanta buildings and construction, identified, approximately 1940, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.20VIS 32.20Aiken Inc., Atlanta buildings and construction, unidentified, approximately 1935, undated, 62.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.21VIS 32.21Aiken Inc., buildings and construction, unidentified snapshots, 1937-1941, undated, 91.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.22Vis 32.22Aiken Inc., construction of Fairview area, Atlanta, approximately 1940, undated, 40.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.23VIS 32.23Aiken Inc., construction workers, approximately 1935-1940, undated, 17.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.24VIS 32.24Aiken Inc., homes, identified, approximately 1940-1950, undated, 45.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.25VIS 32.25Aiken Inc., homes, Lawton and First Streets, approximately 1940, undated, 15.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.26VIS 32.26Aiken Inc., homes, Rosser and Fair Streets, approximately 1940, undated, 58.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.27VIS 32.27Aiken Inc., homes, Simpson Road and Dixie Hills, approximately 1940, undated, 23.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.28VIS 32.28Aiken Inc., homes, unidentified, approximately 1935-1950, undated, 68.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.29VIS 32.29Aiken Inc., homes, various states, approximately 1935-1940, undated, 13.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.30VIS 32.30Aiken Inc., hotels and apartments, approximately 1945, undated, 5.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.31VIS 32.31Aiken Inc., International Spa, approximately 1940, undated, 12.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.32VIS 32.32Aiken Inc., Morehouse and Morris Brown College dormitories, approximately 1940, undated, 8.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.33VIS 32.33Aiken Inc., Storm Damage, Gainesville, Georgia, approximately 1934, undated, 186.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.34VIS 32.34A.T. Walden, attorney, the Columbians Trial, Lamar Howard, 1946-1947, 5.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.35VIS 32.35Atlanta University and Fisk football, approximately 1920-1923, undated, 40.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.36VIS 32.36Atlanta University Center campuses, faculty, and students, approximately 1955, undated, 6.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.37VIS 32.37Atlanta University Center schools, area churches, and businesses, 1942, undated, 34.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.38VIS 32.38Atlanta University football yearbook, 1923, 1.0 Item(s)

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VIS 32.39VIS 32.39Atlanta University sports scrapbook, undated, 51.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.40VIS 32.40Basketball photographs, Omega Phi Psi and YMCA photographs, 1928, undated, 3.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.41VIS 32.41Butler Street YMCA Hungry Club, 1950-1952, 31.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.42VIS 32.42Clark Atlanta cheerleaders, undated, 1.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.43VIS 32.43Family photographs, approximately 1940-1969, undated, 47.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.44VIS 32.44Federal Housing Administration, first Negro Committee, 1935, 4.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.45VIS 32.45Football photographs, approximately 1925, undated, 10.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.46VIS 32.46Horses, approximately 1940, undated, 9.0

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VIS 32.47VIS 32.47International Spa banquet, Los Angeles, 1953, 10.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.48VIS 32.48Joint Civilian Orientation Conference photographs and scrapbook Fort Benning, Georgia, 1946-1949, undated, 59.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.49VIS 32.49Kennedy-Johnson campaign headquarters, 1960, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.50VIS 32.50Moral Re-Armament Assembly and meetings, Georgia and Michigan, 1957-1958, undated, 17.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.51VIS 32.51Moral Re-Armament stage play, "The Next Phase", 1957, 8.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.52VIS 32.52National Builders Association, National Association of Real Estate Brokers, National Negro Business League and affiliates, approximately 1955, undated, 16.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.53FF 275Panoramic photographs: Atlanta University football team; International Spa; National Association of Real Estate Brokers; National Negro Business League; Omega Psi Phi, 1949-1961, undated, 6.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.54VIS 32.54Photographs of civil, social, political, and business funtions, approximately 1950, undated, 31.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.55VIS 32.55Portraits, approximately 1900-1930, undated, 5.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.56VIS 32.56Portraits, approximately 1950-1970, undated, 14.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.57VIS 32.57Siblings, approximately 1920-1958, undated, 8.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.58VIS 32.58Singing, solo and with group, approximately 1958, undated, 10.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.59VIS 32.59Sports awards photographs, approximately 1962, undated, 2.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.60VIS 32.60Twenty Seven Club meeting, approximately 1958, undated, 3.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.61VIS OS box 71Walter Aiken, 1922- approximately 1950, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.62VIS OS box 68Walter Aiken and Lucy Rucker Aiken, undated, 2.0 Image(s)
 

Series III: Friends and Associates, 1881-1974

614.0 Image(s)
Series III contains portraits and snapshots of friends and associates of the Long, Rucker, and Aiken families. Portraits include Judge Irvin C. Mollison, who married Alice Rucker; Walter McElreath; Yvonne Smith Partee; American Medical Association founder Henry Rutherford Butler; and his wife, Parent Teacher Association (PTA) founder Selena Sloan Butler. Other African American religious and educational leaders include Charles L. Harper, principal of Booker T. Washington High School; A.M.E. Bishop John Wesley Gaines; undertaker David T. Howard; and Emmitt J. Scott, personal secretary to Booker T. Washington. Included in the collection are images of children, college students, weddings, pets, and the funeral for boxer Tiger Flowers in 1927. Also included are images of unidentified individuals.

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VIS 32.63VIS 32.63Annie Eunice Long Rucker and friends, approximately 1920, undated, 6.0 Negatives

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VIS 32.64VIS 32.64Barbara (unknown last name), approximately 1935, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.65VIS 32.65Children's portraits, unidentified, approximately 1900, undated, 6.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.66VIS 32.66College students, 1920, undated, 3.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.67VIS 32.67Davis-Cooper Wedding, 1944, undated, 12.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.68VIS 32.68Dogs, 1928-1941, undated, 5.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.69VIS 32.69Fannie H. Partee, approximately 1900-1974, undated, 17.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.70VIS 32.70Fred Funderburg, approximately 1910, undated, 2.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.71VIS 32.71Friends' family photographs, 1917-1959, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.72VIS 32.72Groups and campuses, 1919-1929, undated, 46.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.73VIS 32.73Henry Rutherford and Selena Sloan Butler, 1895-1960, undated, 6.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.74VIS OS box 68Idle Wild Club, 1913, 2.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.75VIS 32.75India Pitts images and album, 1895-1910, undated, 151.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.76VIS 32.76Individual portraits- boys, 1885-1945, undated, 15.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.77VIS 32.77Individual portraits- girls, 1881-1964, undated, 23.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.78VIS 32.78Individual portraits- men, approximately 1890-1945, undated, 39.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.79VIS 32.79Individual portraits- women, approximately 1895-1920, undated, 40.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.80VIS 32.80J. B. Reed photograph and A.L. Rucker group photograph, 1903, undated, 2.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.81VIS 32.81Landscapes, residences, and transportation, 1950-1965, undated, 58.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.82VIS 32.82Lucy Rucker's fiance, Mr. Hart, 1917, undated, 5.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.83VIS 32.83Mayme, Effie, and family, 1946-1964, undated, 6.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.84VIS OS box 71Prints, Teddy Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy, undated, 2.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.85VIS 32.85Reverend Wesley John Gaines and family, "Niagara Movement" photograph, approximately 1900, undated, 4.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.86VIS 32.86Reverend William Faulkner and family, approximately 1920, undated, 4.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.87VIS 32.87Stereocard and postcards, 1900-1958, undated, 6.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.88VIS 32.88Studio portraits of families, approximately 1910, undated, 5.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.89VIS 32.89Studio portraits of female friends, approximately 1900-1930, undated, 3.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.90VIS 32.90Studio portraits of male friends, approximately 1912, undated, 11.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.91VIS 32.91Tiger Flowers' funeral, 1927, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.92VIS 32.92Unidentified and identified neagatives of friends, approximately 1900-1940, undated, 32.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.93VIS 32.93Unidentified graduation portrait, approximately 1905, 1.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.94VIS OS box 71Unidentified graduation portrait, undated, 1.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.95VIS 32.95Unidentified individuals, approximately 1910-1950, undated, 79.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.96VIS 32.96Unidentified men, approximately 1890-1930, undated, 14.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.97VIS 32.97Unidentified women, approximately 1890-1930, undated, 14.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.98VIS 32.98Walter Webb, friend of Lucy Rucker, 1919, undated, 7.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.99VIS 32.99White and Martin families, approximately 1920-1950, undated, 6.0 Image(s)
 

Series IV: African American photographers, 1911, undated

13.0 Image(s)
This series contains portraits by African American photographers such as Addison Scurlock (1883-1964), Howard University's official photographer, and his sons George (1919-2005) and Robert (1916-1994), preeminent photographers of African Americans in the Washington D.C. area. L.G. Hyman (b. 1896) was an African American photographer and instructor at Tuskeegee University.

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VIS 32.100VIS 32.100L.G. Hyman, photographer, undated, 1.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.101VIS 32.101Scurlock portraits, identified subjects, 1911, undated, 8.0 Image(s)

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VIS 32.102VIS 32.102Scurlock portraits, unidentified subjects, undated, 4.0 Image(s)