Francis DeGress Papers
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Francis DeGress Papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040.
Creator: DeGress, Francis, 1840-1883
Title: Francis DeGress Papers
Dates: 1862-1917, undated
Quantity: 2.5 linear ft. (2 document cases and 1 oversize box)
Identification: ahc.MSS998

Biographical/Historical Note

Frances DeGress was born in Cologne, Germany, February 10, 1840. He mustered into Federal service as a 2nd Lieutenant on January 1, 1862, at Cape Girardeau, Missouri. Throughout the war he served with Battery H, 1st Illinois Light Artillery. DeGress was promoted to Captain on December 25, 1863. He assumed command of this battery, which later became known as "DeGress' Battery." DeGress mustered out June 14, 1865 with the permanent rank of Captain and brevet rank of Major. After the war, he ran a firearms business. He died in 1883 in Mexico City and is buried in the Mexico City National Cemetery.

Scope and Content Note

The collection primarily contains materials pertaining to the activities of Captain Francis DeGress during and after the Civil War. Some of the documents include personal accounts of battle activities by Captain DeGress, field reports, military certificates, correspondence, official records of DeGress' Battery, and ledgers documenting clothing accounts for soldiers under his command. Of special interest is a letter from Theodore Davis to Mrs. Francis DeGress describing Captain DeGress' prominence in the Cyclorama of the Battle of Atlanta. Also included in the collection is a personal account by Captain DeGress of the 22 July 1864 battle near Atlanta.


Collection is arranged alphabetically by subject headings assigned by staff.

Index Terms

Atlanta (Ga.)--History
Atlanta Campaign, 1864
Atlanta Cyclorama (Atlanta, Ga.)
DeGress, Francis, 1840-1883
Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
Military maneuvers--Georgia
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Registers

General Notes

America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Francis DeGress Papers, MSS 998, Kenan Research Center, Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Susan DeGress Maynard, 2009 (2009.187)

Description Control

Collection processed in 2010


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.

Related Material

Francis DeGress photographs, VIS 195, Kenan Research Center at Atlanta History Center

Container List



MSS OS Box 5.68Abstract of Receipt from the Army in Battery “H” 3rd quarter, 1864 and Abstract of Article received from officers in the field, Georgia, 1864 August, 1864 August View online.



11Appointment to Brevet Major for Francis DeGress, 1865-1866 View online.
2Bound periodical: Atlantic Monthly article. "The Battles About Atlanta" by O. O. Howard, 1876 October
Calling card, W.T. Sherman, and copy of photograph of same, 1890 February 8 View online.
3Confederate Field Report (typed copy) and Cover letter (original and typed copy), 1877 May 6 View online.
4Description of Robinson Crusoe Islands by Francis DeGress, 1874 View online.
5Descriptive roll for John A. Anderson, 1865 View online.
6Discharge Paper, Francis DeGress, 1865 June 14 View online.
7Field Report Description of Atlanta Campaign by Francis DeGress, 1864 September 5 View online.
8Final Statement forms, 1863-1865 View online.
9Hospital discharge, Private Wilford Shull, 1865 View online.
10Inventory: Effects of Private Charles Lindquist, 1863 February 11 View online.
11Invitation to Francis DeGress and command, 1865 June 24 View online.
12Ledger, Clothing Accounts for soldiers, 1862-1864 View online.
13Ledger, Clothing Accounts for soldiers, 1863-1864 View online.
14Ledger, Clothing Accounts for soldiers, 1864-1865 View online.
15Letter to Francis DeGress from Aaron Gilbert (letter of apology) and envelope, 1864 June 12 View online.
16Letter (typed copy): Francis DeGress describing battle participation, 1864 July 22 View online.
17Letter, Francis DeGress to Provost Marshall General, State of Indiana, loss of soldier’s service records, 1865 View online.



21Letter, Certifications by Francis DeGress, 1865 View online.
2Letter, Dr. S.C.G. Watkins to Francis DeGress Jr. regarding horse bit, 1920 January 3 View online.
3Letter, Letter of recommendation, Francis DeGress to rank of Captain by L.B. Mitchell, 1863 November 8 View online.
4Letter, Letters of recommendation for Francis DeGress, 1863 November 18 and 1863 November 19 View online.
5Letter, Letter of recommendation, Francis DeGress to rank of Colonel by T.W. Osborn, 1864 August 14 View online.
6Letter, Letter of recommendation, W.T. Sherman to Sheridan (copy), 1865 August 25 View online.
7Letter, request for furlough by Francis DeGress to Ezra Taylor, 1864 View online.
8Letter, request for information on Battery “H” by [S] H. Peabody, 1865-1867 View online.
9Letter, request pay for “colored” soldier, 1865 July 6 View online.
10Letter, Theodore R. Davis to Mrs. Francis DeGress, [1885] November 30 View online.
11Letters, memos, and newspaper clippings (copies), 1863-1911, undated View online.
12List, Casualties, 1865 May 1 to September 8 View online.
13List, Contributors of McPherson Monument, 1865 View online.
14List, Descriptive lists, 1864-1865 View online.
15List, Location of Illinois Organizations, 1865 View online.
16List, Quartermaster’s stores transferred, 1863-1865 View online.
17List, Quartermaster’s stores, 1864 View online.
18List, Supply list (signed by W.T. Sherman), 1862 July View online.
19List, Francis DeGress sword contributors, undated View online.
20List, Transfer of supplies, 1864 View online.
21Memo, Acknowledgement of receipt of records, 1865 View online.
Military certificates: Illinois volunteers, 1862 January 1; Illinois volunteers, 1863 December 25; U.S. Army, appointment to Brevet Major, 1865 March 13 View online.
Muster-in roll of Francis DeGress as Captain, 1864 February; Muster-out roll of Francis DeGress 2nd Lieutenant to appointment to Captain, 1864 February; Muster and Descriptive roll Conrad Gross, 1864 November 2 View online.
Newspaper, newspaper article “Sherman Official Report,” The Battle of Chattanooga, undated View online.
Newspaper, Harpers Weekly, 1864 September 3 View online.
Newspaper, Harpers Weekly, 1864 September 3 View online.
Newspaper, Two Republics (newspaper from Mexico), article on death of Francis DeGress, 1883 January 7 View online.
22Newspaper clippings, 1864-1865, undated View online.
23Ordnance Office, Requisition and Supply Division, 1863 September 27 View online.
24Ordnance returns, 1864-1865 View online.
25Pamphlet, Artillery Head-Quarters Military Division of the Mississippi, 1864 View online.
26Pension certificate of Isabella DeGress, 1899 March 4 View online.
27Receipts, 1865, undated View online.
28Receipts, American Express Company, 1864 View online.
29Receipts, Quartermaster’s return receipts, 1864-1870 View online.
30Report, Captured supplies, 1865 May 24 View online.
31Report, Monthly return of Quartermaster’s Stores, 1864 View online.
32Song Lyrics, undated View online.
33Special Field Order, 1864 View online.
34Special Order by Colonel Oakes to Frances DeGress, 1864 View online.
35Summary report by Francis DeGress of Battery “H” engagements, 1865 May 10 View online.
Volunteer Descriptive List, Account of Pay and Clothing: Wilford Shull, John E. Ekstadt, and J.H. Stokes, undated View online.
36Vouchers and Abstracts for articles lost, destroyed, expended, and transferred, 1864 August View online.