Voices Across the Color Line oral history transcriptions
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Voices Across the Color Line oral history transcriptions

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Atlanta History Center
Title: Voices Across the Color Line oral history transcriptions
Dates: 2005-2006
Quantity: 2.69 linear ft. (2 document cases)
Identification: ahc.MSS990

Biographical/Historical Note

This collection consists of 36 interviews conducted during a six month period in 2005 and 2006. The project, headed by Dr. Carole Merritt of the Atlanta History Center staff, collected audio and video tape the memories of individuals active in the Civil Rights Movement. This oral history program was developed as a means to expand the information regarding Civil Rights activities in Atlanta and in Georgia. The project was funded from several sources, including the Georgia Humanities Council. Staff members at the Atlanta History Center, working with Dr. Merritt, identified individuals within the Civil Rights movement that provided a unique perspective on the Civil Rights Movement. Dr. Merritt scheduled and conducted all of the interviews. The transcribing and editing of the oral histories was completed by the staff of the James G. Kenan Research Center.

Scope and Content Note

The bulk of these oral histories deal with the Civil Rights Movement in Atlanta. Specific events that are mentioned include the student movement centering around Atlanta University; The Committee On Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR); creation and publication of the Atlanta Enquirer newspaper; the organization of the Atlanta Committee of Cooperative Action (ACCA), the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and activities to desegregate city buses and restaurants. Other topics that are discussed on the tapes include desegregation of the public schools and libraries and the organization of Help Our Public Education (H.O.P.E.). In addition, the relationship between local activists and Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) are discussed. Among the specific interviews, desegregation of Atlanta schools is discussed by Pearlie Dove, Robert Edge, John Sibley, Portia Harden Potts, and Muriel Lokey. The activities tied to the Student Movement at Atlanta University are discussed by Lonnie King, Jesse Hill, Alton Hornsby, and Charles Black. Although the primary focus of the project was the documentation of Atlantans and their involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, events in Georgia and the Southeast were also collected. Of particular importance is the discussion of the St. Augustine Movement, a series of demonstrations that are said to have guaranteed passage and the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Other discussions include work in desegregating educational facilities throughout the country, and discrimination and segregation in the United States Army in the 1950s and 1960s.


Transcriptions are arranged in alphabetical order by the surname of the interviewee. The video tapes and audio tapes have been stored in separate boxes in separate storage areas for optimum preservation. Digitized versions of the interviews are available through the Reading Room of the Kenan Research Center.

Index Terms

African Americans--Georgia--Atlanta
Atlanta Daily World (Firm).
Atlanta University Center (Ga.)
Black, Charles A.
Bolden, Willie, 1938-
Boone, Alethea Williams
Clayton, Xernona
Coleman, George, 1922-2008
Curry, Constance, 1933-
Dillard, Morris
Douglas, Lydia
Dove, Pearlie C.
Edge, Robert
Fowlkes, William, 1914-
Gaines, Billie Davis, 1937-
Glustrom, John
Help Our Public Education (Atlanta, Ga.)
Hill, Jesse, 1926-
Holmes, Herbert, 1944-
Hornsby, Alton
Hudson, John Davis
King, Lonnie
Lokey, Muriel
Luker, Ralph
Parham, Johnny, 1937-
Pendergrast, Nan, 1920-
Potts, Portia Harden
Powell, Faye Bellamy
Ricks, Willie Floyd, 1943-
Sibley, John
Smith, John B.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference..
Swann, Ernest, 1947-
Vivian, C. T.
Wade, Lyndon A., (Lyndon Anthony), 1934-
Warner, Clinton E., 1927-

Technical Access

Each of the interviews were recorded using two different formats, audio cassette tapes and video by mini-DV.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Voices Across the Color Line oral history transcriptionsCollection, MSS 990, James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Oral histories were collected by staff of the Atlanta History Center in 2005 and 2006 (2007.110).

Description Control

Collection processed in 2009.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.

Related Material

Voices Against the Color Line oral history recordings, VIS 180, Kenan Research Center, Atlanta History Center

Container List




11Black, Charles, Atlanta University Center Student Movement (DVD available AV 180.01), 2005 Sept. 16
2Bolden, Willie, working with Martin Luther King, Jr. and the St. Augustine Movement (DVD available AV 180.02), 2006 March 21
3Boone, Althea and Joseph, working with SCLC activities with the Poor Peoples Campaign (DVD available AV 180.03), 2006 April 3
4Clayton, Xernona, working with Martin Luther King, Jr. (DVD available AV 180.04), 2006 March 23
5Coleman, George, military service in the 1950s and reporting for the Atlanta Daily World newspaper (DVD available AV 180.05), 2006 February 7
6Curry, Constance, work with SNCC and COAHR (DVD available AV 180.06), 2005 October 25
7Dillard, Morris, Atlanta University Center Student Movement, Rich’s demonstration (DVD available AV 180.07), 2005 October 11
8Douglas, Lydia Tucker Brown, Atlanta University Center Student Movement (DVD available AV 180.08), 2006 January 4
9Dove, Pearlie, Atlanta education and segregation in the 1940s and 1950s (DVD available AV 180.09), 2006 January 12
10Edge, Robert, the Sibley Commission, desegregation of education and business in Atlanta (DVD available AV 180.10), 2005 August 18
11Fowlkes, William, reporter for the Atlanta Daily World and the Pittsburgh Courier (DVD available AV 180.11), 2006 February 14
12Gaines, Billie Davis, education and desegregation in Atlanta schools (DVD available AV 180.12), 2006 February 16
13Glustrom, John, (DVD available AV 180.13), 2006 May 15
14Hill, Jesse, Atlanta Life Insurance Company, ACCA, Atlanta University Center Student Movement (DVD available AV 180.14), 2005 August 11
15Holmes, Herbert, Tuskeegee Institute, desegregating golf courses in Georgia, SNCC (DVD available AV 180.15), 2006 February 23
16Hornsby, Alton, Morehouse College, sit-ins at the State Capitol, demonstrations at Rich’s and Atlanta Public Library (DVD available AV 180.16), 2006 January 26
17Hudson, J. D. [John Davis], desegregation of Atlanta City Police Department (DVD available AV 180.17), 2006 May 10
18King, Lonnie, Atlanta University Center Student Movement leader (DVD available AV 180.18), 2005 November 21
19Lokey, Muriel, desegregation of public schools and organizer of Help Our Public Education (HOPE) (DVD available AV 180.19), 2006 January 4
20Luker, Ralph, SNCC, NAACP and the Albany movement (DVD available AV 180.20), 2005 November 22
21Parham, Johnny, member of COAHR, demonstrations to desegregate buses and demonstration at Sprayberry’s restaurant (DVD available AV 180.21), 2005 December 21
22Pendergast, Nan, integration of Atlanta public libraries, bus stations and airport (DVD available AV 180.22), 2006 January 10
23Potts, Portia Harden, Desegregation of Bass High School (DVD available AV 180.23), 2006 May 3
24Powell, Faye Bellamy, involvement with SNCC (DVD available AV 180.24), 2006 January 19



21Ricks, Willie, growing up in Chattanooga, SNCC (DVD available AV 180.25), 2006 January 24
2Ricks, Willie, SNCC, Lowndes County, Georgia (DVD available AV 180.25), 2006 March 16
3Sibley, John, segregation in the South, father’s work on the Sibley Commission(DVD available AV 180.26), 2005 September 28
4Smith, John, the creation and publishing the Atlanta Inquirer newspaper (DVD available AV 180.27), 2005 October 4
5Swann, Ernest, efforts to integrate public schools in Atlanta, 1960s (DVD available AV 180.28), 2006 April 20
6Vivian, C. T. (Cordy Tindell), Growing up in the Midwest, issues of race and nonviolence (DVD available AV 180.29), 2006 March 9
7Vivian, C. T. (Cordy Tindell), Race, religion and nonviolence (DVD available AV 180.29), 2006 March 15
8Vivian, C. T. (Cordy Tindell), work with SCLC and desegregation activities in the South (DVD available AV 180.29), 2006 April 6
9Vivian, C. T. (Cordy Tindell), SCLC, the Birmingham March, Albany, Georgia, Selma, Alabama (DVD available AV 180.29), 2006 May 2
10Wade, Lyndon, Atlanta Urban League, segregation in Atlanta (DVD available AV 180.30), 2005 November 1
11Warner, Clinton, desegregating Atlanta neighborhoods, the Peyton Wall (DVD available AV 180.31), 2005 August 16
12Warner, Clinton, working with the African-American business community of Atlanta, and the Atlanta Committee of Cooperative Action (DVD available AV 180.31), 2005 September 8