Ruth Wichelhausen papers
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Ruth Wichelhausen papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Wichelhausen, Ruth, 1908-1995
Title: Ruth Wichelhausen papers
Dates: 1908-1995, undated
Quantity: 3.0 linear ft. (7 document cases; 1 half document case)
Identification: ahc.MSS930
Materials are in English and German, some of which have been translated into English.

Biographical/Historical Note

Ruth Maria Hechler Wichelhausen was born June 7, 1908, in Stettin, Germany, to Hans Hechler, a doctor, and his wife Frieda. After graduating from high school, she entered the Friedrich-Wilhelm University in Berlin in 1927. She attended the University in Tubingen in 1929 and 1930, Munich in 1930, Dusseldorf in 1931, and Gottingen in 1932. She received her master's degree in medicine in 1933 from Gottingen. She also interned at the University Hospital in Gottingen. Ruth Wichelhausen came to the United States in 1935. Her eventual husband, Otto Wolfgang Wichelhausen, who was also a doctor, followed her in 1937. They married on April 28, 1937, in Baltimore, Maryland. Otto Wichelhausen was born January 1, 1904 in Herstelle, Westfalen, Germany, to Adolf Wichelhausen, a merchant, and his wife, Ida. He could not get permission to practice medicine in Nazi Germany because he was Jewish. During their first year in the United States, the couple was separated. Otto worked at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland, while his wife worked at the Montgomery County Hospital in Olney, Maryland. Otto worked as an assistant in bacteriology until he died of a heart attack on August 14, 1939. After her husband's death, Ruth took over his work at the Johns Hopkins Hospital as an assistant in bacteriology, in which she had specialized. Later she engaged in teaching and research as an instructor in bacteriology at the Johns Hopkins Medical School until she joined the Veterans Administration in 1945 or 1946. After joining the Veterans Administration, she was Director of Arthritis Research at the Mt. Alto Veterans Administration Hospital in Washington, D.C., until moving to Atlanta in 1959. There, she served as Chief of the Tuberculosis Cooperative Study Control Laboratory of the Veterans Administration Hospital. She retired from her position in May 1975 at the age of 67. She had become an American citizen in 1954. In addition, Ruth Wichelhausen was a member of the New York Academy of Sciences, the Georgia Thoracic Society, the American Academy of Microbiology, and the Scientific Research Society of North America. Forty of her writings on medical research have been published. Ruth Wichelhausen died prior to 1996.


Scope and Content Note

The Ruth Wichelhausen papers have been arranged in five series. Series have been designated for Correspondence, Legal Documents, Personal Papers, Medical Papers, and Otto Wichelhausen's Papers. The correspondence has been further subdivided into three subseries: family, friends, and professional correspondence. The correspondence covers the period 1928-1993 and is both incoming and outgoing. The family correspondence is of special interest because most of it concerns Jewish life in Nazi Germany. Of special interest among correspondence with friends is that with Margot Nehring, dated December 1945-August 1965, which describes the lives of refugees after the Second World War. Another subject covered in the correspondence is her medical profession. Most of the correspondence with her family and friends is written in German, with some in English. Also, some of the letters on her medical profession are in German. The legal documents date from 1908 to 1994. The first subseries includes legal documents concerning the Wichelhausen family during the Nazi regime, including the claim of Ruth Wichelhausen and her brother-in-law, Felix Wichelhausen, for the property of her mother-in-law, Ida Wichelhausen. Also included are some of the last letters from her sister- and brother-in-law, Aenne and Richard Frankenberg, before they were deported into a concentration camp in 1941 and 1942. Most of these papers are written in German, but many have been translated into English. The personal papers date from 1922-1995 and include school and university papers from Germany and the United States. Also included are photographs, diaries, datebooks, brochures, newspaper clippings, obituaries, drawings, theater and opera programs, and various papers. There is also a collection of stamps and German currency. These document Wichelhausen's eclectic personal interests, ranging from gardening to her adopted hometown of Atlanta. The medical papers have been subdivided into the following subseries: hospitals & medical organizations, journals, reprints, and research. These papers date from 1913 through 1993 and offer substantial documentation of Dr. Wichelhausen's professional research and interests throughout her career. They include various publications, journals, articles, brochures, and notes on medical research. Also included are papers concerning various hospitals and medical organizations. The papers of Otto Wichelhausen cover the period 1913-1940 and include personal papers such as notebooks, correspondence, school and university papers, and various legal documents. The majority of these papers are in German.


Arrangement

This collection is arranged in five series: 1) Correspondence, 2) Legal Documents, 3) Personal Papers, 4) Medical Papers, and 5) Otto Wichelhausen Papers. Three of the five series have subseries. Series 1 has three subseries: 1) Family Correspondence, 2) Friends, and 3) Professional. Series 2 has two subseries: 1) Papers concerning Wichelhausen family and 2) Ruth Wichelhausen. Series 4 has four subseries: 1) Hospitals & Medical Organizations, 2) Journals, 3) Reprints, and 4) Research.


Index Terms

Clark, Hal
Frankenberg, Aenne
Frankenberg, Richard
Germany--History--1933-1945
Hechler family
Herzfeld, Karl
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Medical research personnel--Georgia--Atlanta
Medicine--Research--Georgia--Atlanta
Mycobacteria
National socialism--Religious aspects
Nehring, Margot
Raleigh, James W.
Robinson, Lucille
Runyon, Ernest H.
Schwietzer, Eva
Seiferle, Edwin
Seiferle, Norma
Veterans Administration Hospital (Decatur, Ga.)
Wichelhausen family
Wichelhausen, Otto, 1904-1939
Wichelhausen, Ruth, 1908-1995

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Ruth Wichelhausen papers, MSS 930, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1996

Description Control

This collection was reprocessed in 2013.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.


Container List

 

Series I: Correspondence, 1928-1989



Subseries I: Family, 1928-1989

Box

Fldr

11Frankenberg, Aenne and Richard, 1937-1941
2Hechler, Frieda and Hans, 1937-1946
3Schwietzer, Eva, 1937-1966
4Schwietzer, Eva, 1967-1989
5Wichelhausen, Felix and Anna Liese, 1938-1961
6Wichelhausen, Ida, 1928-1941
7Wichelhausen, Otto, 1936-1938
8Other relatives, 1946



Subseries II: Friends, 1932-1988

Box

Fldr

19Nehring, Margot, 1945-1965
10Sigrid, 1980-1981
11Various people, 1932-1949
12Various people, 1952-1967
13Various people, 1973-1993
14Postcards, congratulatory cards, 1939-1988



Subseries III: Professional, 1938-1983

Box

Fldr

115Brennan, James, 1979

Box

Fldr

21Clark, Hal, 1961-1976
2Fox, John, 1958
3Hodenberg, Eric, 1938-1983
4Raleigh, James W., 1973-1982
5Runyon, Ernest H., 1962-1972
6Shaffer, Morris, 1958
7Tucker, William B., 1958-1979
8Ward, Walter E., 1957-1958
9Various people, 1960-1983
 

Series II: Legal Documents, 1908-1994



Subseries I: Claims for Wichelhausen and Frankenberg family property, 1938-1956

Box

Fldr

210Claims for property of Ida Wichelhausen, 1951-1952
11Claims for property of Ida Wichelhausen, 1952
12Claims for property of Ida Wichelhausen, 1952-1953
13Claims for property of Ida Wichelhausen, 1951-1953
14Claims for property of Aenne & Richard Frankenberg, 1938-1950
15Correspondence, 1940-1951
16Various legal papers, 1938-1945
17Claim for visas for Frankenbergs, 1941
18Correspondence - Behr and Bindeman, 1954-1956



Subseries II: Ruth Wichelhausen, 1908-1994

Box

Fldr

219Certificates of vaccination, undated
20Charitable contributions, 1991-1994
21Family documents, 1908-1933

Box

Fldr

31Immigration documents, 1934-1943
2Passports, 1954-1986
3Power of Attorney, 1987
4Tax statements, 1992
5Trust agreement, 1941-1942
 

Series III: Personal Papers, 1922-1995

Box

Fldr

36Biographical information - Friends & medical associates, 1948-1989
7Biographical information - Herzfeld, Karl, 1937-1991
8Biographical information - Robinson, Lucille, 1971-1972
9Biographical information - Seiferle, Norma & Edwin, 1993-1995
10Brochures, 1958-1973
11Clippings - General, 1989-1992
12Clippings - Atlanta, 1961-1993
13Clippings - Medical, 1956-1992
14Datebooks, 1937-1938
15Diary and poems, undated
16Dissertation, undated
17Drawings, undated

Box

Fldr

41German currency, 1922-1970
2German school and university papers, 1927-1934
3Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, 1938-1943
4Medical licenses, 1936-1959
5Obituaries and Mass cards, 1949-1984
6Programs - Opera, 1935-1938
7Programs - Theater, 1935-1936
8Reading lists, 1988-1994
9Stamp collection, undated
10Travel souvenirs, 1967
11Miscellaneous, undated
 

Series IV: Medical Papers, 1913-1993



Subseries I: Hospitals & Medical Organizations, 1946-1993

Box

Fldr

412American Academy of Microbiology, 1962-1988
13American Society for Microbiology, 1975-1991
14American Thoracic Society, 1976-1977

Box

Fldr

51Center for Disease Control, 1960-1993
2Georgia Thoracic Society, 1983
3Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1987-1989
4Mt. Alto Hospital, 1946-1966
5Mycoplasma Research Institute, 1988-1989
6New York Academy of Sciences, 1951-1992
7Trudeau School of Tuberculosis, 1958-1964



Subseries II: Journals, 1927-1993

Box

Fldr

58 American Journal of Medicine, 1993
9 Annals of Medicine, 1957-1990
10 Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1946
11 The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 1949-1952
12 Kleinische Wochenschrift, 1932
13Various medical research journals, 1933-1935
14 Methods of Information in Medicine, 1964
15 Science, 1956
16 The Sciences, 1993
17Various German journals, 1927-1934



Subseries III: Reprints, 1913-1977

Box

Fldr

518Reprints, 1929-1943
19Reprints, 1945-1977

Box

Fldr

61Reprints - Brown, Howard J., 1913-1930
2Reprints - Brown, Howard J., 1931-1948
3Reprints - Wichelhausen, Ruth, 1942-1975



Subseries IV: Research, 1930-1990

Box

Fldr

64Lists of publications, undated
5About the Way of Spreading Septic Metastatic Infections, 1931
6Atypical Mycobacterial Diseases, 1968-1969
7Clinical Specimens, 1967
8Culture of Acid Fast Bacilli from Pleural Biopsy Specimens, 1960-1966
9Culture of Mycobacteria from Pleural Biopsy Specimens, 1965
10Drug Susceptibility Determinations on Cultures of Mycobacteria, 1965
11Drug Susceptibility Testing by Laboratories, 1968-1969
12Exogenous Reinfection with Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, 1973
13Formulas, undated
14German (otherwise unidentified), circa 1930-1940
15In Vitro Studies of Two Recently Developed Antituberculous Agents, 1961-1977
16Los Angeles Paper - Background info and drafts for tables, undated

Box

Fldr

71Mycobacterial writings, 1969-1971
2Newer cephalosporins and expanded-spectrum penicillins, 1974
3Notes on articles, 1953-1978
4Protocols for the Chemotherapy of Tuberculosis, 1958-1967
5Relapse study, undated
6Relapse study, undated
7Rheumatoid Arthritis, 1965-1990
8Rifampin study, 1970-1973
9Rifampin, 1976
10Tubercle Bacilli, 1956-1972
11Tuberculosis Peritonitis, 1960-1965
12Tuberculosis Pleuritis, 1963-1967
 

Series V: Otto Wichelhausen papers, 1913-1940

Box

Fldr

81Certificates, 1924-1937
2Correspondence, 1936-1940
3Dissertation, 1933-1935
4Legal documents, 1913-1923
5Medals, undated
6Notebooks, 1916-1939
7Notebooks, undated
8Visa, 1936