Crumley and Berry family papers
New Search | Return to Search Results

Crumley and Berry family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Crumley Family
Title: Crumley and Berry family papers
Dates: 1864-1921, undated
Quantity: 0.63 linear ft. (1 document case, 1 half document case)
Identification: ahc.MSS76

Biographical/Historical Note

The Crumley Family of Georgia included William Monroe and Sarah McLean Crumley. Mr. Monroe was the Chaplain of Georgia hospitals during the Civil War. Their son William Macon Crumley (1847-1921) enlisted in the Confederate Army at the age of fourteen and became a courier for a General in Longstreet’s Corps. He moved to Atlanta in 1867 and was a clerk, salesman, and Vice President of Tommey and Stewart Hardware before he created Crumley Hardware Company (later Crumley-Sharp Hardware Company). On February 25, 1875, he married Carrie M. Berry (1854-1921) and they had four children, Robert Macon (1877-?), Zulette (1881-1961), William Greg (1883-1924) and Locke (1892-?). All of the children were born in Atlanta, Georgia. William Macon Crumley died on June 4, 1921, shortly after his wife died on May 22, 1921.

William Greg Crumley graduated from the Atlanta College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1912. In January of 1915, he enlisted as a medical officer and was stationed at the American Women’s War Hospital in South Devon, England. He left this service on November 20, 1915. In July of 1917, he was commissioned as a Captain in the Medical Officers Reserve Corps and left for France on August 18, 1917. While in France, he contracted dysentery from drinking water that had collected in shell holes on the ground. He was granted medical leave from November of 1917 to April of 1918, which he spent in London. When his leave was over he was assigned to a General Hospital in France. On August 9, 1924, he committed suicide in his home in Rabun County, Georgia. Zulette Crumley graduated from Girls High School in 1899. In early 1900, she married James H. Franklin (1877-1938) and they had three sons, William C., James H. Jr. and Daniel B. James H. Franklin, Sr. died on July 31, 1938, and Zulette Crumley Franklin died on April 29, 1961.

The Berry Family of Atlanta consisted of Maxwell Rufus and Harriet Key Berry. They had four daughters; Carrie Mabry Berry (1854-1921) Fannie Berry, Zuie Berry, and Maggie Berry, and one son, Maxwell R. Berry, Jr. In February 1875, Carrie married William Macon Crumley. John M. Berry (1855-1937) served in the Confederate Army as Quartermaster for the 30th Regiment of Steven’s Brigade, Walker’s Division of the Army of Tennessee. Additional biographical information about John M. Berry has not been determined.


Scope and Content Note

This collection contains correspondence, memoirs, military records, diaries, and newspaper clippings relating to the Crumley and Berry families of Atlanta, Georgia. Correspondence from William Greg Crumley to his parents includes letters, telegrams and postcards written while he was stationed in France, England and Belgium during World War I. He described personal illnesses, travels during leave, and the duties of a medical officer. He noted how to care for soldiers who had been exposed to poisonous Bromine gas and for soldiers that had “trench foot”. He repeatedly discussed the censorship and delay in delivery of his correspondence. In his letters to his brother Robert Macon, he confided that he exaggerated his safety to his mother and gave a much happier description of the war than the “true Hell” he believed it to be. These letters were transcribed by a member of the Crumley family shortly after they were received. Documents pertaining to W.G. Crumley’s military service are also included. Also from the Crumley family is a scrapbook of Zulette Crumley dated 1896-1899; an account book of William Macon Crumley dated 1884-1887; a story by William Monroe Crumley about the faith and death of an unnamed Confederate soldier; and William Macon Crumley’s reminiscences of the Civil War.

Material from the Berry family includes correspondence of John Berry during the Civil War; and a typed transcription of Carrie M. Berry’s Civil War diary which describes home life in Atlanta, Georgia during the Atlanta Campaign. She wrote about living with Union soldiers and the burning of most of the city.

A final document is a speech was made by Leila C. Pullen to the Daughters of the Confederacy in 1902 detailing the actions of “Confederate Girl Soldiers” in Georgia who formed their own regiment—The Nancy Harts.


Arrangement

Folders are arranged chronologically.


Index Terms

Atlanta Campaign, 1864.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives, American

Existence and Location of Originals

This collection contains only the transcriptions of William Greg Crumley’s letters. The existence of originals has not been determined.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Crumley and Berry family papers, MSS 76, James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Description Control

Collection re-processed in 2009


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote or reproduce must be secured from the Kenan Research Center.


Container List

 

Box

Fldr

11Civil War Letters, 1864-1865
 
2Civil War Diaries and Memoirs, 1863-1907, undated
 
3Civil War Diaries and Memoirs, Transcriptions
 
4Correspondence, W.G. Crumley, 1915-1919
 
5Letters, W.G. Crumley, Transcriptions, 1915-1918
 
6Daily Account Book, W.M. Crumley, 1884-1887
 
7Memory Book, Zulette Crumley, 1896-1897
 

Box

Fldr

21Memory Book, Zulette Crumley, 1896-1899
 
2Newspaper Clippings, 1917-1921