Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. Civil War letters
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Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. Civil War letters

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040.
Creator: Pomeroy, Charles R., Jr., 1842-1864
Title: Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. Civil War letters
Dates: 1864, undated
Quantity: 1.0 Folder
Identification: ahc.MSS723f

Biographical/Historical Note

Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. (1842-1864) was the son of C. R. and Elizabeth Pomeroy of Pomeroy, Ohio. He enlisted as a private in Company F, Ohio 18th Regiment, on 22 April 1861, mustered out of that unit in August, and enlisted as a private in Company I, 33rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on 11 October 1861. He was promoted to first sergeant on 31 October 1861, to second lieutenant on 1 January 1862, and to first lieutenant on 15 March 1864. Pomeroy was captured at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863 and was interned at Libby Prison for several months. Because he was assisting a wounded Union officer at the time of his capture, he was mistaken for a physician. When his captors exchanged him as a doctor, he surrendered to Union authorities in Washington, D.C., for "impersonating an officer." Rather than punishing Pomeroy, he was commended by the Secretary of War for securing his early release and returning to his unit. Pomeroy was leading his unit, Company A, in a charge on Confederate breastworks near Atlanta when he was killed on August 13, 1864.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of six letters written by Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. to his family while serving in Company A, 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Atlanta Campaign of the Civil War. Five are addressed to his sister and one to his father. The letters describe conditions faced by Union soldiers during the campaign including the lack of adequate shelter from the weather; the difficulties they experience while trying to flank Confederate forces; the exhaustion brought on by almost constant movement with very little sleep; and their hopes to soon bring the "Gate City" (Atlanta) under Union control. Of particular interest is a letter to his sister, including two drawings, that describes how the soldiers construct their own breastworks. Also included in the collection are two envelopes; one newspaper clipping describing how to permanently set letters written in pencil; and copies of newspaper clippings that include a transcript of the letter Pomeroy's father received describing his son's death in great detail and the location of his remains.

Index Terms

Atlanta Campaign, 1864
Libby Prison.
Pomeroy, C. R., Sr., approximately 1810-?
Pomeroy, Carra, approximately 1848-?
Pomeroy, Sally, approximately 1840-?
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 33rd (1861-1865).

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. Civil War letters, MSS 723f, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchase, 2005

Description Control

This collection was processed in 2013.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.

Related Material

Charles R. Pomeroy, Jr. Civil War photograph, VIS 220, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center

Container List




11Letters, envelopes, newspaper clipping, and copies of clippings, 1864, undated