William Albert Crouse papers
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William Albert Crouse papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Crouse, William A., 1843-1864
Creator: McFarland, Augustus H.
Title: William Albert Crouse papers
Dates: 1864
Quantity: 2.0 Items (1 letter, 1 diary)
Identification: ahc.MSS609f

Biographical/Historical Note

William Albert Crouse (1843-1864), born in Frederick City, Maryland to John and Catharine Crouse was one of five children. He married Margaret Crouse before enlisting in the Federal Army as a Private in Company C of the 1st Regiment, Potomac Home Brigade, Maryland Cavalry. At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House on May 14, 1864, he was taken prisoner and transported to Camp Sumter in Andersonville, Georgia. Crouse died in Andersonville Prison due to diarrhea on September 6, 1864. Additional biographical information about William A. Crouse has not been determined.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains a transcription of a diary kept by William Albert Crouse from May to August of 1864. It also contains a letter dated January 22, 1865, from Augustus H. McFarland to William’s wife Margaret Crouse. The diary contains daily records of the weather, personal health, meals and general conditions inside Andersonville Prison. According to Crouse the prisoners’ rations generally consisted of cornbread or corn flakes most days, but were occasionally supplemented by bacon or “old sow’s belly.” The diary also contains a catalog of clothing issued to Crouse before his imprisonment as well as a list of his debts and credits. The letter from Augustus H. McFarland details the conditions of William Albert Crouse’s death in Andersonville Prison. He stated that Crouse died of diarrhea, but had lived in high spirits prior to his death. McFarland reassured Margaret that her husband’s faith saved him, and that he was in a better world.

Index Terms

Prisoners of war--Georgia--Andersonville.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Prisoners and prisons

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William Albert Crouse papers, MSS 609f, James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Description Control

Collection reprocessed in 2009


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.