John A. Caho papers
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John A. Caho papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040.
Creator: Caho, John A., 1837-1865
Title: John A. Caho papers
Dates: 1861-1875
Quantity: 38.0 Item(s)
Identification: ahc.MSS605f

Biographical/Historical Note

John A. Caho was born on October 27, 1837 to parents Charles H. Caho and Ann Jones Caho. He was the oldest of six children. On August 20, 1861 he enlisted as a 2nd Lieutenant in Company C of the 8th Indiana Infantry. He was mustered in as Captain on December 30, 1863. In July of 1863 he was granted medical leave for a lung disease from which he never fully recovered. John A. Caho was captured at Cedar Creek, Virginia on October 19, 1864 and was held in the Confederate Libby Prison until February 18, 1865. While imprisoned his lung disease worsened. He was released and had returned to his company when he was granted medical leave again. On August 28, 1865 he was mustered out of the Federal Army in Darien, Georgia. He died on November 2, 1865 from tubercular pneumonia contracted during his service. John A. Caho’s father, Charles H. Caho, was born in Virginia in 1812 and later married Ann Jones on July 7, 1836 in Montgomery County, Ohio. He also served in the Federal Army as a private in Company K of the 13th Ohio Cavalry. Charles was diagnosed with consumption in July of 1865 and never fully recovered, eventually dying from his condition on April 10, 1874. Ann Jones Caho was born in Massachusetts in 1819 and survived both her son and her husband.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains a diary kept by John A. Caho from October 16, 1863 to March 2, 1864. It also contains photocopies of his parents’ marriage certificate, pension applications filed by Ann Jones Caho, medical examination records for both Charles H. Caho and John A. Caho, affidavits from neighbors and medical professionals verifying the conditions of Charles and John Caho’s illnesses, and company muster rolls for John A. Caho. The diary was written while John Caho was in Louisiana and Texas. It records daily weather conditions, the natural environment of each place his Company stopped, accounts of rations and marching orders including approximate distances marched each day. Caho describes daily life in the Federal Army and notes occasional fighting with the Confederates without detail.

Index Terms

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
United States. Army. Indiana Infantry Regiment, 8th (1861-1865)

General Notes

America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Existence and Location of Originals note

Original medical records, affidavits, pension applications and muster rolls are owned by the National Archives.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

James A. Caho papers, MSS 605f, James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Description Control

Collection reprocessed in 2009.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.

Container List



1Papers, 1861-1875 View online.