Calhoun family papers
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Calhoun family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040.
Creator: Calhoun, James Montgomery, 1811-1875
Creator: Calhoun, John C., (John Caldwell), 1782-1850
Creator: Calhoun, William Lowndes, 1837-1908
Title: Calhoun family papers
Dates: 1834-1960, undated
Quantity: 2.25 Linear ft. (two document cases and one oversize box)
Identification: ahc.MSS50

Biographical/Historical Note

James Montgomery Calhoun (1811-1875) born in the Calhoun settlement near Abbeville, South Carolina, moved to Decatur, Georgia, when he was eighteen. James married Emma Elizabeth Dabney in 1832 and they had ten children: Anna B. Calhoun; James Tyree Calhoun; Emma Elizabeth Calhoun (1835-1854); Anna Eliza Calhoun (b. 1837); Corolin Chattanooga Calhoun (1842-1858); Hanna Rebecca Calhoun (b.1840); James V. Calhoun (b. 1841); Patrick Henry Calhoun (b.1842); John Dabney Calhoun (b. 1843); and William Lowndes Calhoun (1837-1908). James married Amelia Holt in 1860 following the death of Emma Dabney Calhoun. William Lowndes Calhoun married Mary Oliver (1836-1905) and had seven children: Lowndes Calhoun, Nellie A. Calhoun, Emma Calhoun, James Montgomery Calhoun, Mary Calhoun, William Dabney Calhoun, and Nettie Aline Calhoun. He was a lawyer, Captain of Mounted Infantry in the Creek War in 1836, legislator in DeKalb County, and Mayor of Atlanta from 1862-1865. He married Emma Eliza Dabney (1813-1860) in 1832, the same year he passed the bar exam. William practiced law, served as Captain in the 42nd Georgia infantry, was elected as a Georgia state representative, served as Mayor of Atlanta (1879-1880), and as a judge of the Court of the Ordinary of Fulton County, Georgia (1881-1897).

Scope and Content Note

The Calhoun family papers consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings, military papers, and family history. The primary contributors to the collection are James Montgomery Calhoun and his son, William Lowndes Calhoun. Notable items in the collection include an undated Calhoun family history, a personal account of Sherman’s siege of Atlanta by Robert Henderson, a family Bible, a handwritten copy of the affidavit of James M. Calhoun regarding the surrender of Atlanta, and a floor plan of the James M. Calhoun residence on Washington Street. The correspondence includes letters to and from James M. Calhoun and handwritten messages between General Hood and General Sherman. There is also a scrapbook (1872-1879), City of Atlanta vouchers (1863-1864), and information regarding the Confederate Soldier's Home (1902).


This collection is arranged alphabetically according to titles supplied by staff

Index Terms

Atlanta (Ga.)
Atlanta (Ga.)--Politics and government
Confederate Soldier’s Home of Georgia (Atlanta, Ga.)
Fulton County (Ga.)--History
Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879
Sherman, William T., (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Calhoun family papers, MSS 50, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1940 with subsequent additions.

Description Control

This collection was re-processed in 2012.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.

Container List



MSS os box 2.4Affadavit of James M. Calhoun regarding the surrender of Atlanta, 1864 September 2



11City of Atlanta vouchers, 1863-1864
2Confederate Soldiers' Home, 1902
3Correspondence, 1834-1903
4Correspondence - General Hood and General Sherman, 1864


2Family Bible, undated
5Family history, undated
6Financial papers, 1851-1871



MSS OS box 2.41Floor plan of the James M. Calhoun residence - Washington Street and the affidavit of James M. Calhoun regarding to surrender of Atlanta, September 2, 1864, undated
7Legal documents, 1842-1910
8Memorials, 1891, 1960
9Military papers, 1837-1865, undated


MSS FF 331Muster roll for Company H, 42nd regiment Georgia Volunteers - William Lowndes Calhoun Captain, 1863
10Newspaper clippings, 1905-1960
11Scrapbook - William Lowndes Calhoun, 1872-1879