John William Augustine Sanford, Jr. letter and Constitution Union Party of Georgia address
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John William Augustine Sanford, Jr. letter and Constitution Union Party of Georgia address

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Constitutional Union Party of Georgia.
Creator: Sanford, John William Augustine, Jr., 1825-1913
Title: John William Augustine Sanford, Jr. letter and Constitution Union Party of Georgia address
Dates: 1853 January 28, undated
Quantity: 1.0 Folder
Identification: ahc.MSS497f

Biographical/Historical Note

The Constitutional Union Party was formed in Georgia in 1850 in order to gather support for the Compromise of 1850. It lasted until 1853, after the Compromise of 1850 had been firmly established. The Constitutional Union Party was reestablished 1860 in an effort to reconcile the North and the South to prevent civil war.

John William Augustine Sanford, Jr. (1825-1913) was born in Milledgeville, Georgia, to John William Augustine and Marianne Ridley (Blount) Sanford. He graduated from Oglethorpe University in 1844, from Harvard University in 1851, and from the University of Alabama in 1878. He was admitted to the bar in 1852. He married Sallie Maria in 1860 and they had one son, John William Augustine Sanford, III. In 1861, he joined the 3rd Alabama Infantry Regiment as a private, but was quickly promoted to assistant quartermaster. In 1862, he was authorized to return to Alabama and raise a regiment, and he became the lieutenant colonel of the 3rd battalion, Hilliard's Legion. In 1863, he was promoted to colonel of the 60th Alabama Infantry Regiment. He was elected Attorney General of Alabama in 1865, but was removed in 1868 as a result of reconstruction policies. He was re-elected in 1870, 1874 and 1876. In 1880, he became the Clerk of the Supreme Court of Alabama.


Scope and Content Note

This collection contains printed copies of an address to the Constitutional Union Party of Georgia and a letter from John William Augustine Sanford Jr. to a "Dr. L. F. W. Andrews." The address to the Constitutional Union Party of Georgia was written by the executive committee, announcing the dissolution of the party. It stated that the political goals of the party had succeeded, and therefore the party no longer had a purpose. Members of the executive committee urged party members to support "Pierce and King" in the upcoming election. The letter from Sanford is in response to a newspaper article written by the recipient about the dissolution of the Constitutional Union Party of Georgia. Sanford wants the party reestablished and says that he cannot support men who do not support the Union, giving "Freesoilers" and "Southern Seceders" as examples.


Index Terms

Political parties--Georgia--Atlanta
Secession--Georgia.
United States--Politics and government

General Notes

America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

John William Augustine Sanford, Jr. letter and Constitution Union Party of Georgia address, MSS 497f, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1984

Description Control

This collection was re-processed in 2012.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.


Container List

 

Fldr

1Papers, 1853 January 28, undated View online.