Long, Rucker, and Aiken Family Papers
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Long, Rucker, and Aiken Family Papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Atlanta History Center
Creator: Aiken family
Creator: Long family
Creator: Rucker family
Title: Long, Rucker, and Aiken Family Papers
Dates: 1871-1976
Quantity: 12.27 linear ft.
Quantity: Extent: 12.27 linear ft. (21 boxes, 2 oversize boxes)
Identification: ahc.MSS468

Biographical/Historical Note

Jefferson Franklin Long (1836-1901), born a slave in Crawford County, Georgia, became a successful merchant-tailor in Macon, Georgia. He married Lucinda Carhart and had a daughter, Annie Eunice. In 1870, Mr. Long became the only African American elected to represent the State of Georgia in the United States Congress during Reconstruction. He is buried in Macon, Georgia. Annie Eunice Long (1865-1933) attended Scotia Seminary in Concord, North Carolina and married Henry Allan Rucker (1852-1924). Mr. Rucker, born a slave, had been owned by the King family of Athens, Georgia (in-laws of Atlanta journalist Henry Grady). Following the Civil War, Mr. Rucker opened a barber shop on Decatur Street in Atlanta; attended Atlanta University; was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois (1880); was appointed by the President Grover Cleveland as a clerk in the internal revenue collector’s office in Atlanta (1880-1885, 1889-1893). He was later appointed to the position of Collector of Internal Revenue for the District of Georgia by President William McKinley. Henry Rucker was the only African American to receive such an appointment. He served from 1896 to 1910. Mr. Rucker was active in the Niagara Movement and the NAACP. The Ruckers had eight children: Henry, Jr., Elizabeth (Bessie), Lucy Lorene, Jefferson, Neddie, Hazel, Alice, and Ann L. The family resided on Piedmont Avenue. In 1920 Lucy Rucker (1894-1992) married Walter Henry “Chief” Aiken (1893-1965). Mr. Aiken, born in Dover, Delaware, attended Hampton Institute in Virginia, and served as football coach at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, Atlanta University (his wife’s alma mater), and Clark University. Mr. Aiken was an architect and engineer. His Atlanta projects included West Lake Court Apartments, the women’s dormitory at Morris Brown College, residences in the Hunter Street-Washington Park subdivision, the Waluhaje Hotel and Apartments, and other subdivisions, residences, and facilities. Bessie Rucker attended Fisk University and married John Wesley Davis, later President of West Virginia State College. They had two daughters, Constance and Dorothy Long, known as “Dot” and “Dit”. Ann Rucker attended Atlanta University and Hampton Institute and served as librarian at Fisk University and the Carnegie Library, the Auburn Avenue branch of the Atlanta Public Library. She married Charles W. Anderson, Jr. of Louisville, Kentucky.


Scope and Content Note

The collection contains a variety of private and public documents covering the political, civic, educational, professional, family, and social lives of the Long, Rucker, and Aiken families from 1859 to 1976. Because of their political, social, and cultural activities the three families are considered very prominent within the African American community of Atlanta. The collection chronicles their social and political involvement as well as providing documentation of the lives of African Americans in Georgia from Reconstruction to the latter portion of the 20th century. The papers include correspondence documenting the political activities of Henry Rucker, active in the Republican party, as well as the personal and professional correspondence of Walter Aiken. Of particular interest are a number of letters to Walter Aiken in his work as coach and promoter of sports in Atlanta’s African American community. The papers also document through correspondence and other papers the many college activities of Long-Rucker-Aiken family members, from the activities of Ann Rucker at Atlanta University and Hampton Institute to the recruitment and coaching activities of Walter Aiken, also at Atlanta University.


Arrangement

The collection is broken down into several series: Series One includes papers from Jefferson Long. Series Two includes papers from Henry Rucker and his family. Subseries one includes personal papers Subseries two includes papers and records from fraternal associations Subseries three contains business and legal documents Subseries four contains political papers and records. Series Three includes papers from Walter Aiken and his family. Subseries one includes personal papers Subseries two are business records Subseries three are legal documents Subseries four are political papers and records Subseries five consist of military documents Subseries six are sports papers Subseries seven concern alumni and college associations Subseries eights involve fraternal associations Subseries nine concern business associations Subseries ten are miscellaneous papers


Index Terms

African Americans--Georgia--Atlanta
Aiken family
Aiken, Lucy Rucker
Aiken, Walter Henry, 1893-1965
Atlanta (Ga.)--Politics and government
Atlanta (Ga.)--Social life and customs
Atlanta University.
Clark University (Atlanta, Ga.)
Fisk University.
Hampton Institute.
Long family
Long, Jefferson Franklin, 1836-1901
National Association of Real Estate Brokers.
National Negro Business League (U.S.)
Negro Young People's Christian Association.
Republican Party (Ga.)
Rucker family
Rucker, Annie Eunice Long, 1865-1933
Rucker, Henry Allen, 1852-1924

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Long, Rucker, and Aiken Family Papers, MSS 468, Kenan Research Center, Atlanta History Center

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Ms. Lucy Aiken, 1980 (1980.241).

Description Control

Collection re-processed in 2008.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.


Related Material

Related materials of the same acquisition include: Long- Rucker-Aiken Family Photographs, VIS 32.


Container List

 

Series 1: 1871, 1940-1974, 1965

Box

Fldr

11Congressional autograph, 1871
2Newspaper clippings, three calendars, biographical Sketches, typed speech made in Congress, 1940-1974
3The American Negro as a Politician, 1965
 

Series 2:: 1881-1988, undated



Subseries 1: Personal Papers, 1881-1988, undated

Box

Fldr

11Henry A. Rucker: personal correspondence; Biographies (n.d.), newspaper clippings, 1904 – 1908; 1970 – 1974
2Henry A. Rucker: travel tickets, 1905-1916
3Annie Long Rucker: correspondence, 1928-1931
4Annie Long Rucker: autograph books; Scotia Seminary Commencement Program, 1881 – 1889; 1884
5Elizabeth (Bessie) Rucker Davis, newspaper clippings, last request song; Constance (Dit) Rucker Davis (Bessie’s daughter: obituary ; sympathy cards at her death, 1916-1931; 1970
6Henry Rucker, Jr.: telegrams of condolence of death, 1931
7Jefferson L. Rucker: letters; Insurance papers, 1930-1952; 1931
8India Neddie Rucker Harper: newspaper clippings of wedding to L. R. Harper, undated
9Hazel E. Rucker: correspondence, 1918-1974
10Hazel E. Rucker: diaries, 1928-1951
11Alice Rucker Mollison, 1963-1988
12Annie Rucker Anderson (Booger): Newspaper clippings, commencement program of graduation from Atlanta University. Letters, 1928-1970
13Composition Book, unidentified, includes a poem written by Lucy Rucker, undated

Box

Fldr

2ovrsz box 2.74Badly damaged Scrap Book, owner not determined compiled in the 1880’s; Two copies of the Presidential appointment with the consent of the Senate; Appointment of Henry A. Rucker as Collector of Internal Revenue for the District of Georgia (1897); Appointment of Henry A. Rucker as participant in the Inaugural March of President McKinley 4 March, 1901; Certificate of appointment of Henry A. Rucker as Colonel of the Honorable and Patriotic Army of Office Holders and Office Seekers. 4 March. 1905

Box

3Scrapbook containing news articles and condolence notes on the death of Annie Rucker, 1932

Box

4Judge Irwon C. Mollison (husband of Alice Rucker) newspaper clippings, 1945-1951



Subseries 2:: Papers and Records from Fraternal Associations, 1889-1927, undated

Box

Fldr

11Georgia Colored Industrial Orphan’s Home, 1889-1905
2Organizations, Masons/lodges, 1891-1960
3Deputy Collector’s bonds and oaths of office for Internal Revenue Service, 1897-1910
4Correspondence, 1897-1903
5Negro Young People’s Christian Association, 1902
6National Negro Business League, 1904-1908
7Correspondence between Henry A. Rucker and Booker T. Washington, 1904-1910
8Correspondence between Henry A. Rucker and Emmett Scott Personal secretary to Booker T. Washington, 1904-1919
9Correspondence Henry A. Rucker, 1904
10Correspondence Henry A. Rucker, 1905
11Correspondence Henry A. Rucker, 1906-1907

Box

Fldr

21Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1906-1910, undated
2Open letters and political addresses by Henry A. Rucker, 1908-1910, undated
3Correspondence Henry A. Rucker, 1908 January - 1908 June
4Correspondence Henry A. Rucker, 1908 July - 1908 December
5Correspondence outgoing Henry A. Rucker, 1908-1919
6Correspondence Henry A. Rucker, 1909-1910
7Correspondence Folder 1 Correspondence: miscellaneous, 1911-1927
8Correspondence: miscellaneous Henry A. Rucker, undated



Subseries 3: Legal papers

Box

Fldr

11State of Georgia deeds, 1859-1914
2Deeds miscellaneous, 1863-1921
3Bank books, 1812-1926
4Financial statements miscellaneous, 1810-1929
5Mrs. A. E. Ashworth deeds and receipts, 1882-1989
6Legal documents miscellaneous, 1890-1973
7Stock Certificates, Georgia Real Estate Loan and Trust Co., 1890-1891
8Stock Certificates miscellaneous, 1890-1973
9Mortgages, 1890-1937

Box

Fldr

21Insurance Premium receipt books, 1894-1926
2Receipts Henry and Annie Rucker, 1894-1930
3Promissory Notes, 1897-1931
4Carrie Steele Logan deeds, promissory notes; Administrator’s sale of property from estate 207 Auburn Avenue, 1897-1901; 1901-1912
5Insurance papers of Henry and Annie L. Rucker, 1901-1933
6Will and Estate records, miscellaneous, 1908-1957
7Insurance policies, 1909-1951
8Will of George Williamson, 1923-1925
9Will and Estate records of Henry A. Rucker, 1924-1930
10M.L. Thrower Real Estate Company: Rent account statements, 1924-1931
11Aiken and Faulkner Real Estate: Statements of rent account for Annie L. Rucker, 1925-1928
12Court cases: includes correspondence and testimony from case of Henry Rucker, Jr. vs. Annie L. Rucker, et.al., 1925-1931
13Aiken and Faulkner Real Estate: accounts for Annie L. Rucker, 1920-1931



Subseries 4:: Political Papers and Records, 1896-1965, undated

Box

Fldr

11Congressional Record, 1900
2Census records, 1900
3Republican Party Folder 1 pamphlet, 1900-1905
4Republican Party, 1900-1912, 1957, 1960
5Republican Text Book, 1902
6Republican National Convention Programs, 1904, 1908, 1916
7Printed material, 1905-1906
8Political cartoons, 1907, undated
9Disfranchisement, 1907, undated
10Political Party Ballots, 1916-1965
11Political Party Ballots, 1896-1918
12Republican Party miscellaneous, undated
 

Series 3: Walter Aiken and Family Papers, 1893-1979, undated



Subseries 1: Walker Aiken Family personal papers, 1893-1973, undated

Box

Fldr

11Correspondence received by Walter H. Aiken, 1923-1949
2Correspondence, 1950-1964
3Correspondence received by Walter H. Aiken include postcards, 1946-1958, undated
4Printed material: The Crisis, etc., 1932-1949
5Newspaper clippings, includes obituaries, 1943-1973, undated
6Biographies, 1944-1950, undated
7Clarence L. Aiken, 1945-1950
8Obituaries: Mrs. Ada Thomas, William Boyd, T.A. Toole Maynard H Jackson, Mrs. Madora E. Jason, Mrs. Nora Lee, James Edward Scott, A.T. Walson, James Beckett, Frank Smith Horne, 1948-1974
9John B. Aiken: correspondence, 1952-1964
10Sheet music, librettos, 1893-1955, undated
11Resolution re: Walter H. Aiken’s death, 1962-1966
12Telegrams re: Walter H. Aiken’s death, undated
13Notebooks, undated

Box

Fldr

2ovrsz box 2.70Concerning the Moral Re-Armament Assembly’s theatrical presentations, conferences, letters and greeting cards received by Walter Aiken (1958-1959); “All Time Coach” Award given to Walter Aiken and others (1956);Limited Edition Reproduction of President Kennedy’s Inaugural Address Of 20 January, 1961; National Association of Real Estate Brokers’ “Builder’s Award” presented to Walter Aiken (22 August, 1949); Miscellaneous blueprints of Atlanta Streets, Sewer System, etc.

Box

Fldr

31Correspondence between Lucy Rucker and Sylvanus Hart (First fiancée), 1910-1917
2Lucy Rucker: United States Civil Service test scores, 1918
3Lucy Rucker: newspaper clippings, invitation to marriage to Walter A. Aiken, 1920
4Lucy Aiken: medical reports, 1930
5Lucy Aiken: correspondence, 1930-1975
6Lucy Aiken: business correspondence, 1931-1974
7Lucy Aiken: LaSalle University, 1933-1934
8First Congregational Church: correspondence, dues, receipts, sermons Programs, 1948-1975
9Lucy Aiken: Correspondence, outgoing, 1958-1975
10Lucy Aiken: Correspondence, Radcliff College, 1979

Box

4Contains a scrapbook belonging to Lucy L. Rucker compiled during her attendance at Atlanta University, 1912 May 29 - 1914 May 27



Subseries 2: Walter Aiken Family business records, 1919-1968, undated

Box

Fldr

11Blueprints/Plats, undated
2Correspondence – miscellaneous, 1919-1958
3Business Correspondence, 1923-1947
4Correspondence – outgoing, 1924-1963
5Business Cards, 1925, 1955, undated
6Correspondence between Walter H. Aiken and Robert Wardle Jr. Georgia Power Company, 1946
7Business Correspondence, 1948
8Business Correspondence, 1949 January - 1949 April
9Business Correspondence, 1949 May- 1949 August
10Business Correspondence, 1949 September - 1949 December
11Business Correspondence, 1950 January - 1950 April

Box

Fldr

21Business Correspondence, 1950 May - 1950 August
2Business Correspondence, 1950 September - 1950 December
3Business Correspondence, 1951
4Business Correspondence, 1953-1956
5Travel tickets, 1957-1964
6Business Correspondence, 1957-1959
7Business Correspondence, 1960-1963
8Business Correspondence, 1964-1968
9Monthly time book, undated
10Business Correspondence – Miscellaneous, undated
Subseries 3 Legal documents, 1921-1972, undated

Box

Fldr

11Contracts, 1921-1950
2Receipts, 1927-1976
3Insurance papers, miscellaneous, 1930-1962
4Legal documents, miscellaneous, 1933-1969, undated
5Financial documents, miscellaneous, 1950-1972
6Insurance claims re: death of Walter H. Aiken, 1965-1967
Subseries 4 Political papers and records, 1949-1977, undated

Box

Fldr

11Political Information – miscellaneous, 1949, 1977, undated
2Atlanta Negro Voters League, 1951-1965
3Democratic Party, 1954-1975
4Atlanta Junior Voters League, 1960-1962
5John Fitzgerald Kennedy Inaugural material miscellaneous, 1960-1963
6John Fitzgerald Kennedy Official Inaugural Program, 1961
7Voting/elections miscellaneous, 1961-1962, undated
8Voting/elections newspaper clippings, 1961-1965
9All Citizens Registration Committee, 1963-1965
10Integration newspaper clippings, 1963, 1965, undated
11Lyndon B. Johnson, newspaper clippings, invitation to inauguration, 1963, 1964
Subseries 5 Military documents

Box

Fldr

11Report of the Commissioner of Pensions, 1908
2Commissions from U.S. Army, 1918-1929
3Veterans Affairs, miscellaneous, 1920-1951, undated
4Veterans Affairs dispositions re. Walter H. Aiken retirement, undated
5Veterans Affairs correspondence from Walter H. Aiken re. military Disability, 1927-1956, undated
6Veterans Affairs correspondence incoming, 1932
7Atlanta reunion of 371st Infantry, 1932-1958
8Joint Orientation Conference, 1947-1949
9Armed Service’s orientation, 1949-1955
10Correspondence with Secretary of Defense, 1950-1952
11Defense Orientation conference Association, 1954-1964
Subseries 6 Sports papers, 1925-1963

Box

Fldr

11Correspondence regarding football in Atlanta, 1925-1932
2Correspondence regarding sports in Atlanta, 1933
3Correspondence regarding sports in Atlanta, 1934-1942
4Miscellaneous regarding sports in Atlanta, 1955-1963
Subseries 7 Alumni and college associations, 1908-1975, undated

Box

Fldr

11Atlanta University: invites, alumni papers, news letters, bulletins, 1917-1975
2Atlanta information: Clark University, 1927-1934
3Honorary Degrees, 1946-1963
4Presentations, honors, awards, 1948-1959
5Speeches, addresses, 1948, undated
6Hampton Institute alumni information, 1951-1971
7Correspondence, invitations – school related, 1956-1958
8Delaware State College, 1962-1964
9Miscellaneous, 1908-1965, undated
Subseries 8 Fraternal associations, 1904-1975, undated

Box

Fldr

11Monday Club, 1904-1905
2Clubs and Organizations, 1922-1968
3Unions, 1925-1965, undated
4Negro Business League, 1948-1951
5Twenty-Seven Club, 1946-1965
6Urban League material: conferences, memoranda, newspaper Clippings, 1949-1956
7Moral Re-Armament, 1949-1958
8Membership Cards, 1949-1965
9National Technical Association, New Farmers of America: minutes of meeting, 1950
10Butler Street YMCA, 1950-1975
Subseries 9 Business associations, 1925-1969, undated

Box

Fldr

11Real Estate Association, 1925-1965
2Business Associations, 1931-1950
3Letters of recommendation for Walter H. Aiken as contact man for Federal Housing Act in Atlanta, 1934-1935
4Real Estate, miscellaneous, 1935-1950
5Conferences, 1939-1965
6Newspaper clippings, 1946-1950, undated
7National Builders Association, 1946-1963
8Speeches and addresses, 1948-1960
9Black Housing, 1948-1969
10National Association of Real Estate Brokers Correspondence, reports, etc., 1949-1957
11National Association of Real Estate Brokers Publications, newspaper clippings, 1950-1966
12Miscellaneous, 1948-1965
Subseries 10 Miscellaneous papers, 1949-1975, undated

Box

Fldr

11Menu, seating arrangements, etc., 1949-1959
2Newspaper clippings, 1951-1957, undated
3Receipts, 1954-1965
4Booking Agencies for entertainment, 1961-1975
5Sweet Auburn Avenue Newspaper clippings Includes article on Walter H. Aiken, undated