General Joseph E. Johnston letter to General Thomas C. Hindman
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General Joseph E. Johnston letter to General Thomas C. Hindman

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040.
Creator: Johnston, Joseph E., (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891
Title: General Joseph E. Johnston letter to General Thomas C. Hindman
Dates: 1867 October 21
Quantity: 1.0 Item(s)
Identification: ahc.MSS449f

Biographical/Historical Note

General Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891) was born in Farmville, Virginia, to Mary Valentine Wood (1769-1825) and Peter Johnston (1763-1831). He attended the United States Military Academy (West Point), graduating in 1829, thirteenth in his class. In 1845 Johnston married Lydia Mulligan Sims McLane (1822-1887), but had no children. He served in a variety of roles during the Mexican War (1845-1848). Johnston was promoted to brigadier general in 1860 and served as the quartermaster general. In 1861, he resigned his commission in the United States Army and accepted the position of brigadier general in the Confederate Army. He commanded the Confederate forces in the First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas). He would eventually become the commanding officer of the Confederate Army of Tennessee, but was removed from command in 1864 by Presdent Jefferson Davis. In 1865, he returned to active duty to fight U. S. General William T. Sherman. However, the armies he was given to command were severely depleted, and he surrendered in April 1865. After the war, Johnston served as the president of the Alabama and Tennessee River Railroad Company (1866-1867) and later as an insurance agent for the Liverpool and London and Globe Insurance Company. Johnston contracted pneumonia during General Sherman's funeral, on February 21, 1891, because he refused to put on his hat in the icy weather out of respect for Sherman. He died several weeks later in Washington, D.C., on March 21, 1891.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of a letter from General Joseph E. Johnston to General Thomas C. Hindman. Johnston asks for a brief account of the fighting at "the gap" and "Crow Valley" and about significant attacks by General William T. Sherman in order to write a book about the military operations of the Civil War.

Index Terms

Hindman, Thomas Carmichael, 1828-1868.
Johnston, Joseph E., (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891--Correspondence
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives

General Notes

America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

General Joseph E. Johnston letter to General Thomas C. Hindman, MSS 449f, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1983

Description Control

This collection was re-processed in 2012.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.

Container List



1Letter, 1867 October 21 View online.