O.A.S.I.S. AND H.O.P.E. papes of Frances D. Green
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O.A.S.I.S. AND H.O.P.E. papes of Frances D. Green

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Atlanta History Center
Creator: Green, Frances D.
Title: O.A.S.I.S. AND H.O.P.E. papes of Frances D. Green
Dates: 1955-1961, bulk 1960-1961
Quantity: 0.42 linear ft.
Quantity: Extent: .42 linear ft. (1 document case)
Identification: ahc.MSS374

Biographical/Historical Note

Frances D. Green was an Atlanta city school counselor, and a member of two civic organizations, OASIS, and HOPE. OASIS (Organizations Assisting Schools in September) was a grassroots organization founded in Atlanta, Georgia in 1961 to implement the “Atlanta Plan” for the desegregation of the public schools. OASIS emerged from an earlier group known as HOPE (Help Our Public Education), Inc. HOPE, Inc. began as a parent’s study group aimed at keeping Atlanta public schools during a period in which the Georgia General Assembly considered closing them rather than integrate. OASIS was based on a broader social foundation and held a more specific focus. As it became clear that public school would not be closed for the 1960- 1961 school year, the members of HOPE shifted their focus to ensuring the peaceful desegregation of Atlanta schools. A primary goal of OASIS was to make known to every Atlantan the facts of the city integration plan and its effects upon the public school system. To do this, the group sponsored meetings with students and their parents and established a Speaker’s Bureau which supplied discussion leaders for civic, religious, and professional groups. OASIS also formed sub-committees to give special attention to youth-serving agencies, church groups, and neighborhood associations. These sub-committees included members of civic and religious organizations such as the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce, the Atlanta Council of Churches, and HOPE, Inc. itself. The organization enjoined all of Atlanta’s synagogues, the Jewish Community Council, the Catholic Church and at least fifty-three other civic, professional, and business organizations. White, bi-racial, and African- American organizations could join OASIS.

Scope and Content Note

The OASIS papers, bulk 1960-1961, consists of correspondence, meeting agendas, minutes, memoranda, and committee reports collected by Mrs. Frances D. Green; a member of OASIS member and an Atlanta city school counselor. Included in the files are OASIS Articles of Association, By-Laws, handwritten meeting notes, and membership lists. Within the correspondence is a letter and report from mayoral candidate Ivan Allen, Jr., who stated his support of the organization. Also included among the correspondence is a description of groups and individuals identified by HOPE as distributors of “hate-literature” opposing the cause of integration. There are also letters and reports concerning cooperating organizations as well as publications and news articles related to the issue of school integration.


This collection is arranged according to titles supplied by staff.

Index Terms

Allen, Ivan, 1911-
Civil rights movements--Georgia--Atlanta--History--20th century
Help Our Public Education (Ga.)
Organizations Assisting Schools in September (Atlanta, Ga.)
Public schools--Georgia--Atlanta
White supremacy movements--Georgia

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

O.A.S.I.S. AND H.O.P.E. Papers of Frances D. Green, MSS 374, Kenan Research Center, Altanta History Center

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. William Green, March 1976 (1976.144)

Processing Information

Collection processed in 2008.


Restrictions on Access

The collection is open for research.

Restrictions on Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.

Container List




11OASIS: Articles of Association, By-Laws, “The Purpose of OASIS,” and copy of blank letterhead, undated
2OASIS: correspondence, memos, copy of confidential “fact sheet” on individuals and organizations, 1961 May - August
3OASIS: Letter from Ivan Allen, Jr. to Mrs. William Green, 1961 August 31
4OASIS: Community Contacts sub-committee minutes and meeting reports, March – July, 1961
5OASIS: Miscellaneous committee minutes and reports, March – August, 1961
6OASIS: Desegregation discussion sheets, 1961 May - August
7OASIS: Discussion leader lists, 1961
8OASIS: Inter-Group Committee on Schools member lists for Sections on Civil and Service Organizations and Religious Organizations, undated
9OASIS: Copies of desegregation letters sent to Brown and Grady High Schools, 17 August 1961
10OASIS: Miscellaneous handwritten meeting notes, undated
11Miscellaneous publications on school desegregation, 1955-1961
12HOPE (Help Our Public Education), Inc.: Programs, minutes, memos, and miscellaneous handwritten notes, 1961 February – May
13Partial membership listing, undated
14Copy of the “Atlanta Plan”, amended 1960 January 18
15Downtown Service Clubs listing, 1960 July
16Copy of the “Davis Report” and the truth about the Public School Situation in Washington, D.C., 1959 July 3
17News articles on school integration, 1960-1961