Martha Lumpkin Compton papers
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Martha Lumpkin Compton papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040.
Creator: Compton, Martha Lumpkin, 1827-1917
Title: Martha Lumpkin Compton papers
Dates: 1840-1959, undated
Quantity: 0.42 linear ft. (1 Document Case)
Identification: ahc.MSS139

Biographical/Historical Note

Martha Lumpkin Compton (1827-1917) was born in Athens, Georgia, and was the youngest daughter of Governor Wilson Lumpkin and Annis Hopson Lumpkin. The site of Atlanta was named Marthasville in her honor from 1843-1845. She married Thomas M. Compton in 1878. She is buried in Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Georgia, in a plot donated by the city in 1907. Additional biographical information about Martha Lumpkin Compton has not been determined. Additional biographical information about Martha Lumpkin Compton has not been determined.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains two scrapbooks, a diary, correspondence, newspaper clippings, Atlanta Board of Aldermen resolutions, and a recipe book. The two scrapbooks contain poems, genealogical notes, letters, greeting cards, and notes from family members and friends including “Cousin Naomi,” Augustus Alden, “Sister Anna L. A.,” Danny Boykins, Allie Alden and Wilson Lumpkin. There are newspaper clippings on topics such as the 1888 Southern Baptist Convention, a 50th anniversary article on the naming of Atlanta, and a series exploring the possibility that Martha Compton was poisoned. Along with newspaper clippings, there are obituaries of prominent citizens such as Alexander Stephens, John C. Calhoun, Wilson Lumpkin, Dr. R. D. Moore, and Joseph Henry Lumpkin. Included in the collection is a copy of Miss Beecher’s Domestic Receipt Book, a recipe book, with handwritten notes and recipes. There is also a diary that contains Compton's thoughts on the "Christian woman" well as transcribed letters from family and friends. Correspondence consists of three letters: one from Emma S. S. Burger regarding an autograph and information about Martha (Lumpkin) Compton and her family in Athens, Georgia; another is from Martha (Lumpkin) Compton, written to Mrs. Eugene Hardeman asking for Colonel Napier to visit her due to her illness; and the last is from an unidentified cousin writing about the death of her mother. There is an Atlanta Board of Aldermen resolution to identify a plot in Oakland Cemetery for Martha upon her death as well as an acknowledgement of that resolution 52 years later.


This collection is arranged alphabeticalyl according to titles supplied by staff.

Index Terms

Athens (Ga.)
Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850
Christmas cards
Compton, Martha Lumpkin, 1827-1917
Compton, Thomas M.
Greeting cards.
Invitation cards--Georgia
Lumpkin family
Lumpkin, Joseph Henry, 1799-1867
Lumpkin, Wilson, 1783-1870
Marthasville (Ga.)
Oakland Cemetery (Atlanta, Ga.)
Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1883-1912

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Martha Lumpkin Compton, MSS 139, James G. Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1967

Description Control

Collection reprocessed in 2011.


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright law. (Title 17, U.S. Code) Permission for use must be cleared through the Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. Licensing agreement may be required.

Container List




11Book, Miss Beecher's Domestic Receipt Book, 1858
2Correspondence, 1896, 1945, undated
3Diary, 1842-1848
4Newspaper Clippings, undated
5Resolutions, Atlanta Board of Aldermen, 1907, 1959
6Scrapbook, 1839-1903
7Scrapbook, 1846-1885