William M. Standard papers
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William M. Standard papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Standard, Almira
Creator: Standard, George W.
Creator: Standard, Jane Ellis, 1828-1892
Creator: Standard, Perry J., 1851-1911
Creator: Standard, William M., 1823-1881
Title: William M. Standard papers
Dates: 1846-1970, undated
Quantity: 1.67 linear ft. (two document cases, one oversize box and one flat file)
Identification: ahc.MSS1031

Biographical/Historical Note

William M. Standard (1823-1881) was born in Johnson County, Illinois, and married Jane Ellis (1828-1892) on May 13, 1846, in Fulton County, Illinois. The couple had six children: George W.; Perry J. (1851-1911); Almira; Harriet (d. 1861); John P. (1869-1870); and Frank. Standard was a farmer, served briefly as a rural schoolteacher, and was elected sheriff of Fulton County, Illinois, in 1857.

Standard enlisted in the Illinois Volunteer Infantry on August 9, 1862, and was assigned to duty as first sergeant of Company A, 103rd Regiment. He mustered into active service with his unit on October 2, 1862, in Peoria, Illinois. Over the course of the war, the 103rd Regiment served in the 13th, 16th, and 15th Army Corps, Department of Tennessee, and saw action in many Civil War campaigns including the Siege of Vicksburg and the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign. During the Atlanta Campaign, Standard's unit fought at many locations in Georgia, including Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Ezra Church, Jonesboro, and Lovejoy's Station. His unit participated in General William T. Sherman's March to the Sea and was part of the "Grand Review" in Washington, D.C., on May 24th, 1865. Standard was promoted to first lieutenant of Company A on February 23, 1865, with rank effective from January 15, 1865. He was discharged on June 21, 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky.

Standard returned to Lewiston, Illinois, after the war. He purchased a hotel there which he renamed the Standard House. He served as proprietor of the Standard House until his retirement about two years before his death. He died in Lewiston on October 17, 1881, after an altercation with a government agent who accused him of illegally providing liquor to a hotel guest.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of diaries; correspondence; military records and certificates; newspaper clippings; land deeds; and ephemera pertaining to William M. Standard. The collection also contains a school essay written by Standard's great-great-grandson, Ron Currens, and a 1961 map of Civil War battlefields on which Currens marked the route his ancestor followed during the war.

Of particular interest are over 200 letters exchanged between Standard and his wife, Jane, as well as his children, George W., Perry J., and Almira, from 1862-1865. Standard wrote about his life as a soldier and described living conditions; troop movements; combat experiences; and the character and effectiveness of fellow soldiers and officers. He also wrote about foraging and his interactions with civilians in Confederate territory; how difficult it was for soldiers to get their pay and allowances; and the incidence and treatment of camp illnesses and battlefield wounds. He wrote candidly that he did not support the war and described his political convictions, particularly his opinions of Lincoln as president and George McClellan as a presidential candidate. Letters from Jane and the children describe life on the home front, including their struggles to maintain the farm and provide for themselves in Standard's absence; their efforts to send him money and clothing; their feelings about his service; and news of friends and other family members also serving in the Union Army.


Arrangement

This collection is arranged alphabetically according to titles supplied by staff.


Index Terms

Agriculture
Illinois--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
Kennesaw Mountain (Ga.), Battle of, 1864
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1864
McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885
Sherman, William T., (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Battlefields
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Battlefields--Georgia--Atlanta.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Health aspects
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Women
Vicksburg (Miss.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Women--History--19th century

General Notes

America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

William M. Standard papers, MSS 1031, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 2011

Description Control

This collection was processed in 2012.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.


Related Material

Visual materials have been separated from the collection and are unprocessed. Please contact an archivist for access to these materials.


Container List

 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.11Appointment to rank, 1862 October 2 View online.
 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.12Commission certificate-first lieutenant, 1865 February 23 View online.
 

Box

Fldr

11Commission certificate-justice of the peace, 1866 View online.
 
2Correspondence-Civil War, 1862 September-October View online.
 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.13Correspondence-Civil War, 1862 October 19 View online.
 
3Correspondence-Civil War, 1862 November-December View online.
 
4Correspondence-Civil War, 1863 January-February View online.
 
5Correspondence-Civil War, 1863 March-April View online.
 
6Correspondence-Civil War, 1863 May-June View online.
 
7Correspondence-Civil War, 1863 July-August View online.
 
8Correspondence-Civil War, 1863 September 6-1864 January 7 View online.
 
9Correspondence-Civil War, 1864 January 21-February 29 View online.
 
10Correspondence-Civil War, 1864 March-April View online.
 
11Correspondence-Civil War, 1864 May-June View online.
 
12Correspondence-Civil War, 1864 July-August View online.
 
13Correspondence-Civil War, 1864 September-October View online.
 
14Correspondence-Civil War, 1864 November-December View online.
 
15Correspondence-Civil War, 1865 January-February View online.
 
16Correspondence-Civil War, 1865 March-April View online.
 
17Correspondence-Civil War, 1865 May-June View online.
 
18Correspondence-Civil War, undated View online.
 
19Correspondence-Civil War, fragments, undated View online.
 
20Correspondence-miscellaneous, 1858-1892 View online.
 
21Correspondence-pension claims, 1886-1909, undated View online.
 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.14Deeds-land, 1871-1872 View online.
 

Box

Fldr

21Diary, 1862 October-1863 May View online.
 
2Diary, 1865 February-May View online.
 
3Editorial notes, undated View online.
 
4Envelopes, 1862-1863 View online.
 
5Envelopes, 1864-1865 View online.
 
6Envelopes, undated View online.
 
7Ephemera-Standard House, undated View online.
 
8Genealogy-Osborne family, undated View online.
 
9Inventory-Georgia Archives, 1970, undated View online.
 
10List of soldiers-Illinois Infantry Volunteers, 103rd Regiment, undated View online.
 

Oversize

FF 4Map- National Geographic Battlefields of the Civil War, 1961 View online.
 
11Military records, 1865-1963 View online.
 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.15Muster in roll, 1865 View online.
 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.16Newspaper clippings (copies), 1912-1938, undated View online.
 

Oversize

Fldr

MSS OS box 2.168.17Pension application (copies), 1846-1892, undated View online.
 
12School essay-Ron Currens, 1963 View online.
 
13Teacher certificate, 1846 January 3 View online.
 
14Transcriptions-diaries, undated View online.
 
15Transcripts-1862 letters, undated View online.
 
16Transcripts-1863 letters, undated View online.
 
17Transcripts-1864-1865 letters, undated View online.
 
18Transcripts-newspaper clippings, 1881, undated View online.
 
19Unpublished manuscript-"William and Jane: the letters of William M. Standard and Jane Ellis Standard," by Dorothy A. Standard, 1939 View online.