Lemuel P. Grant papers
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Lemuel P. Grant papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center. 130 West Paces Ferry Road, Atlanta, GA 30305. 404.814.4040. reference@atlantahistorycenter.com
Creator: Grant, Lemuel Pratt, 1817-1893
Title: Lemuel P. Grant papers
Dates: 1838-1869
Quantity: 3.75 linear ft. (nine document cases and two oversize folders)
Identification: ahc.MSS100

Biographical/Historical Note

Lemuel P. (L. P.) Grant (1817-1893) was born in Frankfort, Maine. In December 1843 Grant married Laura L. Williams (d. 1879), daughter of Ammi Williams of Decatur, Georgia, and they had four children. In 1881 he married Jane L. Crew of Atlanta, Georgia. He was hired as a rodman in the engineer corps of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad at the age of nineteen and then worked his way up to assistant engineer. Grant came to Georgia in 1840 as assistant engineer of the Georgia Railroad under J. Edgar Thomson. Grant was hired as an assistant in the engineer corps by L. O. Reynolds, chief engineer of the Central Railroad (later Central of Georgia Railroad) in February 1841. In 1843, Grant briefly returned to the Georgia Railroad before he became chief engineer and superintendent of the Montgomery and West Point Railroad (1845-1848). He returned to the Georgia Railroad as resident engineer until 1853 and also did work for the Atlanta and West Point Railroad. In summery, Grant helped to survey and build the railroads which connected in Marthasville, Georgia, (later Atlanta).

In 1853, Grant left Georgia to work on railroad construction in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. In 1859 he returned to Georgia to work on surveys for proposed roads but these were interrupted by the Civil War. In 1862 Grant was appointed a captain of engineers for the Confederacy. Among other projects, he designed and built the Confederate defenses for Atlanta. Grant served as general superintendent of the Atlanta and West Point Railroad (1866-1881) and as president (1881-1887).


Scope and Content Note

This collection contains letters to and from Grant regarding construction of railroads in Pennsylvania and throughout the southeastern United States; the defense of Atlanta during the Civil War; and personal matters. Other items in the collection include Grant’s personal diaries from 1843, 1844, and 1845, as well as account books covering railroad land transactions; railroad costs; and cash accounts. Additional items include a report on the condition of railroads around Atlanta, Georgia, (undated) and blank slave pass forms from the 1860s. The account book listing "Negroes Hired and Impressed for the Defense of Augusta" includes for many entries the date, name of enslaved person, owner, post office, county, rate of hire, valuation, date of discharge and remarks, physical description, age, and value of clothing.

Personal letters from Grant’s brother James provide insight into Grant’s family; his schooling in preparation to become an engineer; James’ efforts to get his brother a position as an engineer; Lemuel and James’ health; and James personal opinions and aspirations regarding ladies, marriage, and life in general. James’ letters provide details of the personal life and viewpoints of an American man in the antebellum period. James also describes railway accidents during 1846.

Grant’s diaries document where he was living, health issues, work, reading habits, personal life and weather. Business correspondence from Grant’s boss, J. Edgar Thomson, and others provide details (including some sketches) on costs and supplies for construction of the railroad, including land purchases and court cases involving railroad right-of-ways. Details include information on lumber and millwork, as well as comments about prospects for Atlanta, cotton prices, and the use of enslaved African American labor. Mr. Thomson discusses his investments in the Montgomery and West Point Railroad and the Atlanta Hotel which was built in 1844.


Index Terms

Atlanta (Ga.)--History
Atlanta Campaign, 1864
Atlanta and West Point Rail Road Company.
Grant family
Peters, Richard, 1810-1889
Railroad companies--Georgia.
Railroads--Employees
Railroads--Georgia
Railroads--Georgia--Atlanta
Railroads--Surveying
Slavery
Slaves--Social conditions
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

General Notes

America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Lemuel P. Grant papers, MSS 100, Kenan Research Center at the Atlanta History Center.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift, 1932

Description Control

This collection was reprocessed in 2012.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Unpublished manuscripts are protected by copyright. All requests to publish, quote, or reproduce must be submitted through the Kenan Research Center.


Container List

 

Box

Fldr

11Account book, 1841-1842 View online.
 
2Account book, 1858-1865 View online.
 
3Correspondence - Arms, Fred C., 1843-1845 View online.
 
4Correspondence - Clintock, R.M., 1839 View online.
 
5Correspondence - Grant, James H., 1835-1845 View online.
 
6Correspondence - Grant, James H., 1846-1848 View online.
 
7Correspondence - Grant, James H., 1849-1869 View online.
 
8Correspondence - Henson, John, 1840 View online.
 
9Correspondence - Huger, T. B., 1838 View online.
 
10Correspondence - Letter book Volume I - index with the name of sender, 1851 August - 1852 January View online.
 
11Correspondence - Letter book Volume I, 1851 August - October View online.
 
12Correspondence - Letter book Volume I, 1851 November - December View online.
 

Box

Fldr

21Correspondence - Letter book Volume II - index with name of sender, 1852 View online.
 
2Correspondence - Letter book Volume II, 1852 January - March View online.
 
3Correspondence - Letter book Volume II, 1852 April - May View online.
 
4Correspondence - Letter book Volume II, 1852 June View online.
 
5Correspondence - Letter book Volume III - index with name of sender, 1852 View online.
 
6Correspondence - Letter book Volume III, 1852 July - August View online.
 
7Correspondence - Letter book Volume III, 1852 September - October View online.
 
8Correspondence - Letter book Volume III, 1852 November - December View online.
 

Box

Fldr

31Correspondence - Letter book Volume IV - index with name of sender, 1853 View online.
 
2Correspondence - Letter book Volume IV, 1853 January - February View online.
 
3Correspondence - Letter book Volume IV, 1853 March - April View online.
 
4Correspondence - Letter book Volume IV, 1853 May - July View online.
 
5Correspondence - Letter book Volume IV, 1853 August View online.
 
6Correspondence - Letter book Volume V - index with name of sender, 1853 View online.
 
7Correspondence - Letter book Volume V, 1853 August - November View online.
 

Box

Fldr

41Correspondence - Letter book Volume V, 1853 December - 1854 March View online.
 
2Correspondence - Letter book Volume V, 1854 July - September View online.
 
3Correspondence - Letter book Volume V, 1854 October - November View online.
 
4Correspondence - Letter book Volume VI - index with name of sender, 1855 View online.
 
5Correspondence - Letter book Volume VI, 1855 January - February View online.
 

Box

Fldr

51Correspondence - Letter book Volume VI, 1855 March - April View online.
 
2Correspondence - Letter book Volume VI, 1855 May - July View online.
 
3Correspondence - Letter book Volume VII - index with name of sender, 1855-1856 View online.
 
4Correspondence - Letter book Volume VII, 1855 November - 1856 February View online.
 
5Correspondence - Letter book Volume VII, 1856 March - May View online.
 
6Correspondence - Letter book Volume VII, 1856 June - August View online.
 

Box

Fldr

61Correspondence - Letter book Volume VIII - index with name of sender, 1856-1857 View online.
 
2Correspondence - Letter book Volume VIII, 1856 September - October View online.
 
3Correspondence - Letter book Volume VIII, 1856 November - 1857 February View online.
 
4Correspondence - Letter book Volume VIII, 1857 March - April View online.
 
5Correspondence - Letter book Volume VIII, 1857 May - June View online.
 
6Correspondence - Letter book Volume IX, 1862 November 1 - 1865 February 11 View online.
 
7Correspondence - Letter book Volume X, 1864 December 6 - 1865 September 25 View online.
 

Box

Fldr

71Correspondence - miscellaneous, 1837-1840 View online.
 
2Correspondence - miscellaneous, 1841-1845 View online.
 
3Correspondence - miscellaneous, 1848-1856 View online.
 
4Correspondence - miscellaneous, 1862 November - 1863 August View online.
 
5Correspondence - miscellaneous, 1863 September - 1864 December View online.
 
6Correspondence - miscellaneous, 1865 - 1869 View online.
 
7Correspondence - Morris, H., 1840-1845 View online.
 
8Correspondence - Nicoll, Francis E., 1842-1845 View online.
 
9Correspondence - Nicolls, Gustavus A., 1839-1841 View online.
 
10Correspondence - Peters, Richard, 1845-1846 View online.
 
11Correspondence - Reynolds, L.O., 1841-1842 View online.
 
12Correspondence - Robinson, Walter, 1838-1840 View online.
 
13Correspondence - Sanford, E.D., 1843-1845, undated View online.
 

Box

Fldr

81Correspondence - Stewart, Charles Tudor, 1838-1839, undated View online.
 
2Correspondence - Thomson, J. Edgar, 1840-1843 View online.
 
3Correspondence - Thomson, J. Edgar, 1844-1845 View online.
 
4Correspondence - Thomson, J. Edgar, 1846-1848 View online.
 
5Correspondence - Waller, James, 1838 View online.
 
6Correspondence - Walter, William G., 1837-1838 View online.
 
7Correspondence - Wilson, H.L., 1838-1840 View online.
 
8Correspondence - Wright, John A., 1842-1843 View online.
 

Box

Fldr

91Diary, 1843 View online.
 
2Diary, 1844 View online.
 
3Diary, 1845 View online.
 
4Forms - slave passes (blank), undated View online.
 
5Journal - route descriptions including topographic sketches, about 1845 View online.
 
6Ledger - deposits and distributions, 1862-1866 View online.
 
7Ledger - "List of Negroes hired and impressed", 1864-1865 View online.
 

Drawer

Fldr

OVS MSS FF 11Maps - Atlanta Defenses, 1863-1864, undated View online.
 
8Reports - Atlanta roads, undated View online.
 
9Correspondence - unknown sender, 1838